Sources of farm powerFarm power can be described as any source of energy(energy transfer in an ecosystem read here) or force that can be used in doing farm work.
The common sources of farm power are human, animal, mechanical, solar, wind, electrical, water and fuel
1. HUMAN POWER
2. WATER POWER
3. WIND POWER
4. SOLAR POWER
5. FUEL POWER
6. ELECTRICAL POWER
7. MECHANICAL POWER AND
8. ANIMAL POWER
Human sources of farm powerHUMAN POWER
Human beings are the main source of power for operating small tools and implements.
This is where energy for doing farm work is supplied by man. Almost all types of farm work require human effort. Land clearing, digging, planting of crops, weeding and harvesting are some of the uses of human power. the use of human farm inputpractice of subsistence agriculture. this type of farm input requires the use of simple farm tools and implements for most the farming activities. in commercial agriculture, the use of human farm input is largely limited so animal power or mechanical farm input in used. the use cutlass, hoe, rake, head pan, and spade majorly used and it is done in subsistence agriculture
Animal sources of farm powerIn some places, animals provide the energy for doing farm work. Animals can be used to pull tillage implements such as the ploughs and harrows.
They are also used to transport farm produce by the farmer. The use of animals in doing farm work is common in Northern parts of Nigeria where tse-tse fly infestation is low and people are use to the handling of animals. well the use of animals in farm work is as old as man himself. animals like cattle of different breed are used as animal power in farming activity. these animals can be used as tillage machine in place of tractors for tilling the ground for pre-planting and planting operation. the use of animals as farm input can enhance production thereby facilitating the practice of commercial agriculture and large scale crop farming or production
Mechanical sources of farm powerThis is power supplied by machines through the burning of fuel or electricity. The The tractors, bulldozers, harvesters and sheller are common sources of mechanical power. Mechanical power can be employed for land clearing, ploughing and 'harrowing, planting of crops-and processing. 4.
Wind sources of farm powerThe energy for farm work is sometimes supplied by the Wind power can be made use of by the windmills. This can employed in pumping water for domestic and irrigation purposes. Electricity can also be generated from the windmill. Wind power is greatly used in the winnowing of farm products such as melon and rice by local farmers.
Electrical sources of farm powerThis is where electrical energy is used to operate farm machines. Many of the processing machines employ electrical power. The energy from electricity is equally used for the supply of light in the farm, incubation of eggs, drying of farm products such as maize and in refrigerators and cold storage(farm storage system).
Water sources of farm powerWater power can be employed as energy for doing farm work through the construction of hydro-electrical power station.
It involves the building of dams such as the Kainji Dam built across the River Niger.
Water is also employed in the transportation of farm products in riverine areas.
Fuel sources of farm powerEnergy is supplied by machines through the burning of fuel.
Common fuels that supply energy include the petrol, diesel oil and kerosene. Other fuels that are used by farmers are wood and coal.
The energy generated through the burning of fuel is used to move the tractor and some other farm machines.
Wood and cola sources of farm powerprovide heat during burning and such heat can be used for drying farm produce.
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Agricultural biology topics
HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMESGRASSES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT