COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES OF LIVESTOCK AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
GrassesCommon Name Botanical Name
1 Elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum
2 Guinea grass Panicum maximum
3 Giant star grass Cynodon plestostachyum
4 Carpet grass Axonopus compressus
5 Spear grass Imperrata cylindrical
6 Bahama grass Cynodo dactylon
7 Northern gamba Andropogon gayanus
8 Souther gamba Andropogon tectorum
LegumesCommon Name Botanical Name
1 Centro Centrosema pubescens
2 Stylo Stylosanthes gracilis
3 Kudzu or puero Pueraria phaseoloides
4 Calopo Calopoganium mucunoides
5 Muccuna Muccuna utilis
6 Sun hemp Crotalaria juncea
Characteristics of some pasture crops(1) Guinea grass (Panicum maximum): It is a dominant pasture grass in the rain forest zone. It is a bunchy or erect or tufted grass. It has a very vigorous growth of about 2m tall. It is perennial and has short underground rootstock. It is drought-resistant with high leaf to stem ratio. It is propagated by seeds or stolon. It is palatable to livestock and also good for making of hay.
(2) Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum): It is a widely distributed pasture grass throughout the rain forest zone. It is erect and of about 3 – 5m tall. It is a perennial grass with cane-like stems and dull green or purplish leaf blade. It is a highly leafy, palatable and aggressive grass. It is a high yielding grass, propagated by stolon and it is good for making silage.
(3) Giant Star grass (Cynodon plectostachyum): It is a spreading, drought-resistant, perennial grass with a long and rapidly-growing stem. This grass grow more than one metre high. It is most easily propagated by cuttings and once established, it spreads very quickly, thereby making it difficult to control. It makes a nutritious pasture grass and responds well to fertilizers, especially the phosphate Fertilizers.
(4) Carpet grass (Axonomus compressus): It is a perennial and a creeping type of grass. Its stems are creeping. Short, compressed and to-edged. The stems have the tendency to root at the nodes. The grass does best on soil where the moisture is near to the surface but not on swamps. It is very aggressive and not nutritive. Hence, it is not so much recommended for pasture.
(5) Centro (Centrosema pubescens): Centro is vigorous and an aggressive-growing legume. It is a creeping and twining plant with trifoliate leaves that are attached to the stein by a pulvinus. Stem and leaves are hairless. It is leafy, perennial shade-tolerant and drought-resistant legume. It is self-seeding as the pods split open by explosive mechanism during dry weather and the seeds germinate during the following rainy season. It is palatable and highly nutritious to ruminants. It is highly nodulated and does well in combination with guinea grass.
(6) Tropical Kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides): It is a vigorous climbing and perennial legume. Its stems and leaves are densely hairy and spread over the soil to forma a good cover crop. Leaves are trifoliate. It is sensitive to soil moisture, stress and cannot survive drought condition. It is propagated by seeds, and its roots are nodulated. It is usually avoided by cattle on range, and it can be used as hay and silage.
(7) Stylo (Stylosanthes gracilis): It reaches 60 - 89cm in height. When kept short through regular cutting or grazing, it develops into a leafy plant, which is highly nodulated Leaves are trifoliate and creep along the ground. They are drought- resistant, propagated by seeds and perform better in dry areas. It takes livestock a little while to get used to the taste.
HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION