Advantages and Disadvantages of Land Use Decree
Advantages of Land Use Decree
It has made land acquisition relatively easier for new entrants into agriculture.
It has reduced the number and frequency of court cases over land ownership
It has facilitated borrowing of capital for further investment in agriculture
It prevents fragmentation of land since land acquired under the decree cannot be shared into bits
There is reduction in boundary disputes since survey of acquired land is mandatory for occupancy right to be granted.
Disadvantages of Land Use Decree
It leads to escalation in the cost of land survey
Land acquisition process has become bureaucratic and often meets with bottlenecks
It has impoverished communities whose main assets were their lands.
It has encouraged dishonesty through illegal sale and backdating of ownership or title deeds after 1978
Land is not necessarily allocated to every potential agricultural developer
Land may be acquired by influential people for non-agricultural purpose
Before the land use decree, customary laws governed the right of individuals on land, regulating alienation of land, inheritance and succession, freehold and leasehold, and co-ownership of land.
REASONS WHY GOVERNMENT SHOULD ENFORCE THE LAND USE LEGISLATION
(i) Security of Tenure: It is to safeguard farmers against unreasonable eviction.
(ii) Ensuring Proper Land Use: This is ensure that agricultural land is not unnecessarily diverted to non-agricultural purposes.
(iii) Government Projects: This is to make large tracts of land available for government-sponsored development of large scale farms or resettlement schemes.
(iv) Land Improvement: It is to carry out large scale improvement such as irrigation, drainage and soil water conservation in order to ensure a reasonable standard of efficient production for a long time. Such requirement should be obligatory, irrespective of land tenure system.
(v) Influence on Size of Holdings: It is to prevent land fragmentation and encourage the consolidation of small holdings into large units.
(vi) Freedom of Enterprise: This is to encourage freedom of farming in cases where there are regulations or traditional views that militate against such freedom.
(vii) Control of Production: It is to encourage the production of certain produce and curtail the production of others through the control of land use.
(viii) Land Litigation: This is to reduce number of land litigation among the citizens.