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MAINTENANCE OF FARM MACHINERY IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE


MAINTENANCE OF FARM MACHINERY

1. Identify when to maintain farm machines and the operation involved.
2. Carry out simple maintenance operations. Farmers spend a lot of money to buy farm machines.
If they art last long, adequate care, and maintenance should be carried out. For proper understanding of the various maintenance operations the manufacturer’s handbook on the assembling, operation, care and maintenance of farm machines and implements should be studied carefully and the instructions about usage should be followed.

Different ways of maintaining farm machinery
(a) Dully maintenance: Before the commencement of operation, the fuel and engine oil levels on tractors and other machines should be checked. The Tyre pressures must be checked daily before machines are taken to the field for operation. It is necessary to ensure that all parts of the machine are in good oiling condition.







(b) After use storage:
(i) All farm machines and implements should be cleaned and stored in cool place after use.
(ii) Parts of machines and implements having contact with chemicals should be washed and painted or oiled daily. This will prevent the parts from rapid corrosion,
(iii) When machines and implements are to be kept for a long time, it is necessary to oil or grease the metal parts. This ii to prevent rusting.
(iv) Farm machines and farm implements should be sun and rain.

(c) Sharpening of blunt tools: The blunt ends of tools or implements should be sharpened before and after use

(d) Tightening of bolts and nuts: The loose screws, bolts and nuts-, holding parts of farm machines together should be tightened before the machines are operated or taken to the field for use.

(e) Regular servicing: Machines should be serviced at regular intervals to make them function properly and effectively.










(f) Lubrication of parts: The manufacturer's specification regarding the lubrication of parts of farm machines should be strictly followed. Lubricant or grease should be applied regularly to the appropriate bearings or grease points on wheels. Lubrication prevents the wearing out of moving parts that are in contact,

(g) Replacement of parts:

(i) The worn out or broken parts of machines and implement should be replaced or repaired. (

ii) The farmer should keep spare part& of farm machines and implements that are easily damaged.
This will facilitate immediate replacement of affected parts. Examples are plugs.

STUDY QUESTIONS
1. State the different ways of maintaining farm machinery.

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HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER

80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112.
THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING
120. CLEARING

121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING
123. FARM YARD MANURE









126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION