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SOURCES OF FARM POWER IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE


Sources of farm power

Farm power can be described as any source of energy(energy transfer in an ecosystem read here) or force that can be used in doing farm work.
The common sources of farm power are human, animal, mechanical, solar, wind, electrical, water and fuel
1.

Human power

This is where energy for doing farm work is supplied by man. Almost all types of farm work require human effort. Land clearing, digging, planting of crops, weeding and harvesting are some of the uses of human power.

2.

Animal power

In some places, animals provide the energy for doing farm work. Animals can be used to pull tillage implements such as the ploughs and harrows.
They are also used to transport farm produce by the farmer. The use of animals in doing farm work is common in Northern parts of Nigeria where tse-tse fly infestation is low and people are use to the handling of animals.








3.

Mechanical power

This is power supplied by machines through the burning of fuel or electricity. The The tractors, bulldozers, harvesters and sheller are common sources of mechanical power. Mechanical power can be employed for land clearing, ploughing and 'harrowing, planting of crops-and processing. 4. This is where sun is the source of farm power. The energy is employed by local farmers in the drying of farm products such as cocoa, groundnut, rice, melon and beans. The ability to harness solar proper use is still lacking among the majority of Nigerian farmers.

5.

Wind power

The energy for farm work is sometimes supplied by the Wind power can be made use of by the windmills. This can employed in pumping water for domestic and irrigation purposes. Electricity can also be generated from the windmill. Wind power is greatly used in the winnowing of farm products such as melon and rice by local farmers.



6.

Electrical power

This is where electrical energy is used to operate farm machines. Many of the processing machines employ electrical power. The energy from electricity is equally used for the supply of light in the farm, incubation of eggs, drying of farm products such as maize and in refrigerators and cold storage(farm storage system).

7.

Water power

Water power can be employed as energy for doing farm work through the construction of hydro-electrical power station.
It involves the building of dams such as the Kainji Dam built across the River Niger.
The electrical energy generated can be used to operate many farm machines and supply light to homes and offices.
Water is also employed in the transportation of farm products in riverine areas.

8.

Fuel power

Energy is supplied by machines through the burning of fuel.
Common fuels that supply energy include the petrol, diesel oil and kerosene. Other fuels that are used by farmers are wood and coal.
The energy generated through the burning of fuel is used to move the tractor and some other farm machines.









Wood and cola

provide heat during burning and such heat can be used for drying farm produce.
solar


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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION
17. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES

56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON
86. PESTS OF VEGETABLES
87. GRASSHOPPER
88. THRIPS
89. LEAF ROLLER