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PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURE AND SOLUTION


PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

The development of Agriculture in Nigeria and other west African countries is hindered by the following factors;


1.

INADEQUATE LAND;




the system of land ownership called land tenure system does not make available enough land for production.
In Nigeria and most other West African countries, land is communally owned and no person has sole right over the land. A person could be entitled to land ownership only by inheritance.
Thus people with no inherited land but have huge capital for investment in large-scale Agriculture; usually find it difficult to obtain enough land for such investment.

SOLUTIONS


(a) Government should review and modify the existing land tenure system to reflect the aspirations of the nation towards achieving self sufficiency in Agriculture production.

(b) It essential to make laws that will enable individuals who wish to go into farming to buy and own land.

(c) In some areas, the Government should give full support to the establishment of plantations and farm settlements schemes.

(d) Government should help local communities in the development of their land through the establishment of plantations.

(e) Government should encourage families or communities to come together as a group and merge their small portions of land into economically large and viable units which will be suitable for mechanization.





2.

EFFECTS OF BASIC AMENITIES


Lack of basic social amenities such as pipe borne water, good roads and electricity in the local areas are problems that can hinder Agricultural development. In addition, health facilities are often absent or inadequate and where available is very costly.



SOLUTIONS



(a) Provide basic amenities to farmers so as to stimulate increased productivity.

(b) Give basic health education to the farmers based on hygiene and personal cleanliness. This will involve the provision of good sanitary latrines, obtaining water from a clean source, eating well balanced diet, and living in healthy clean surroundings free from germs and disease pathogens.


3.

LACK OF FINANCE


In Nigeria and other West African countries, the income of farmers is usually very low due to factors such as crop failure, poor harvest, diseases and pest.

Farmers are generally poor and do not have enough money to buy modern input and implements such as; improved seeds, livestock, farm machinery, fertilizer, pesticide and herbicides.



Agricultural credits are hard to come by commercial banks and other financial institutions often fail to provide credits to farmers due to the uncertainties involved in Agricultural production.

Farmers are forced to seek financial help from other sources including private money lenders who usually charge very high interest rates.
Agricultural science and loans may be required for medium and long term investment in agricultural productions.

Such loans may be obtained from the Government, co-operative banks, agricultural loans bank and from private produce buying agents.

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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112.
THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING
120. CLEARING

121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING
123. FARM YARD MANURE

124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION

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