Vegetation zones of NigeriaMap of Nigeria showing the different Vegetation Zones
Mangrove and Fresh Water Swamp Forest
Mangrove and fresh water swamp forestread about aquatic habitat
This occupies the delta part of Nigeria with heavy rainfall of up to 200 cm and more per annum.
The major activities in this region include lumbering (felling of timbers) read about forestry here and fishing.
Swamp rice can also be grown in the area.
Rain forestThis occurs in the Southern part of Nigeria lying above the mangrove and fresh water Swamp Forest. The annual rainfall of this one is about 150 cm to 200 cm.
This region consists of tall woody trees and strong undergrowth. Examples of trees found here include iroko, obeche, opepe, mahogany, afara, etc.
There is a high degree of farming activity in this region. Crops commonly grown are yam, coco yam, cassava, maize, rice, plantain, cocoa, rubber, oil palm, kola, mango, citrus, etc.
Animals include dwarf goat, sheep, pigs, cattle and poultry. Fish ponds are also kept. Guinea savanna This zone is cutting deep into the rain forest due to continued cultivation.
Such areas are now referred to as derived savanna. The Guinea Savanna area is made up of tall strong grasses Interspersed with trees of moderate heights. Aanual rainfall is about 100cm to 150cm.
This zone is the largest vegetation zone in Nigeria. It is an area of intensive agricultural activity. Crops grown include all cereals, legumes such as cow-peas and groundnuts, cotton, yam, cassava and potatoes Livestock include cattle, goat, sheep, poultry and others.
Sudan savannaThis zone is covered with more grasses and short scattered trees and has an annual rainfall of 50 cm to 75 cm. Agricultural activity in this area centres mainly on cattle, sheep and goat rearing. Poultry is also kept while donkeys, camels and horses are equally reared.
Crops grown are mainly sugar cane, millet and sorghum.
Vegetables particularly carrot and tomatoes are grown along river beds, streams and in areas with irrigation facilities.
Sahel savannaThis occupies the extreme north-east of Nigeria with an annual rainfall of about 15 cm to 50 cm.
It is characterized by feathery grasses and highly scattered spiny shrubs (thorn bushes).
Animals are mostly reared here during the rainy season while drought' resistant crops like dwarf sorghum and millet are cultivated.
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HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING
123. FARM YARD MANURE
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
142. FIELD MACHINES
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION