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ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION


ADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE

Farm mechanization has the following advantages
1.

TIMELINESS OF OPERATION

farm mechanization ensures that all farm operation are done and completed within a given period of time
2.

MECHANIZATION SAVES TIME

in farm mechanization, all most human efforts are substituted with machines. Hence labour saved could be employed somewhere else
3.

MECHANIZATION REDUCES HEALTH HAZARDS

farm mechanization reduces health hazards including those posed by the use of cutlass, hoe, digger, knives, stumps and pests



4.

MECHANIZATION REDUCES DRUDGERY

farm mechanization makes it easy to avoid unpleasant manual jobs
5.

MECHANIZATION INCREASES FARM YIELD

as a result of mechanization, farmers become richer due to increased yield
6.

IT ENCOURAGES LARGE SCALE FARMING

with the use of machine which reduces labour and thereby making the work faster and easier, farmers tends to go into large scale farming activities
7.

INCREASE IN OUTPUT

mechanization makes it possible for farmers to have increase in output


8.

IT MAKES SPECIALIZATION OF LABOUR POSSIBLE

farm mechanization enables people to become specialized in certain operations within the farm.
9.

CO-OPERATION AMONG FARMERS

mechanization enables many farmers to come together and pool their resources together, thereby promoting or encouraging co-operation among farmers.
10.

IT SAVES TIME:

mechanization translates quickly the products of man’s brain into reality.
11.

REDUCTION IN COST OF OPERATION :

mechanization leads to reduction in the cost of agricultural operations per unit output.
12.

IMPROVEMENT IN QUALITY OF PRODUCE:

mechanization usually improves the quality of some farm produce, e.g., rice processing.
13.

AVAILABILITY OF LABOUR FOR OTHER SECTORS:

mechanization also helps to release labour to other sectors of the economy.
14.

USE OF LESS HUMAN LABOUR:

mechanization helps to accomplish lots of work with less human labour.

Advantages of farm mechanization


(a) It removes the difficulty in farming. Farm work is considered by people to be very hard. The use of machines therefore makes farming enjoyable.
1. Mechanization also results in better utilization of agricultural land
2. The use of machine energy, therefore, leads to good agricultural production.
(Citation needed)






READ ABOUT RESPONSE TO STIMULI HERE

read more about mechanization in agriculture

READ ABOUT MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS HERE

Mechanization raises the efficiency of labor and enhances the farm production per worker. By its nature it reduces the quantum of labor needed to produce a unit of output. In the U.S.A., “the amount of human input and labor used to produce at most 100 bushels of wheat dropped from 320 hours in the year 1830 to 108 hours in 1900 (citation needed)

(b) Large areas of farm Ind can be prepared within very short time. This means that mechanization saves time.
(c) It allows the farmer to perform some difficult jobs easily; for example, the felling of trees is easily done with the motor-saw instead of the axe and cutlass
(d) Mechanization saves labour. Very few labourers are required when machines are employed on the farm.
(e) It increases farm productivity because of large cope operation. Increased productivity leads to higher farm income and standard of living.
(f) The cost of using machines on the farm is cheaper in the long run compared with the cost of farm-labour that is always rising.








(g) It prevents bad agricultural practices such as complete burning all vegetation on new farmland. In addition, large are of farm land can still be cultivated by the farmer during one cropping season
(h) It enables the farmers to use surplus farm products profitably, For example, the crop dryer allows quick and easy drying of crop product such as rice, maize, sorghum and wheat. Crop product can be processed into different products, more acceptable to consumers. In addition, surplus perishable products such as tomatoes, vegetables, milk and meat can be stored for a long time using the refrigerator and cold storage.
(i) The use of machines in farming may attract young and educated persons to take up farming as- an- occupation.
(j) The mechanisation of farming may release some workers formerly engaged in farming to take up jobs in Agro-allied industries in urban centres.

you can also read about farm machinery here

DISADVANTAGES OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION

Farm mechanization has the following disadvantages
1.

HIGH COST OF RUNNING:

farm mechanization, due to the high cost and numerous machines involved, is very expensive to operate
2.

DISPLACEMENT OF WORKERS :

in farm mechanization, very few workers are required. Hence many people will be out of job when mechanization is introduced
3.

COMPACTION OF SOIL:

mechanization lead to compaction of soil due to the movement of heavy machines
4.

IT CAUSES ENVIRONMENTAL POLUTION:

mechanization causes environmental pollution due to smokes emanating from engines of these machines, chemicals and the use of fertilizer
5.

DEGRADATION OF LANDSCAPE:

mechanization leads to degradation of landscape due to or as a result of continuous excavation
6.

LAND TENURE SYSTEM:

land system may hinder efficient use machines like tractors, bulldozer due to small holdings of farmland
7.

DESTRUCTION OF SOIL STRUCTURES:

the soil structure can easily be destroyed due to continuous use of heavy machines
8. REDUNDANCY OF FARM LABOURwith farm machines working on the farms, the work can easily be completed and this situation can create redundancy in farm labour
9.

FEW CROPS CAN BE MECHANIZED

very few crops like maize, rice, millet and guinea corn that easily be mechanized
10.

INADEQUATE TECHNICAL KNOW-HOW

there is always inadequate technical know-how in handling the farm machines and equipment in most developing countries of the world
11.

DAMAGE TO CROPS

most crops are easily damaged during mechanize farm operation
12.

INADEQUATE SPARE PARTS

most of the spare parts or replacement parts for most of these machines are not readily available
13.

HIGH COST OF MAINTENANCE

there is usually high cost of maintenance of machines involved in mechanized agriculture especially for the heavy duty machines
14.

SPREAD OF PEST AND DISEASES

mechanization help to spread diseases through contaminated machineries
15.

HUMAN CONTROL

mechanization needs human labour to control it
16.

UNSTABLE FUEL SUPPLY

unstable supply of fuel in the international market can easily affect the use of these machines in mechanized agriculture


Disadvantages of mechanisation
(a) Many of the farm- workers will be jobless. With the use of machines in farming, the work that can be done by many workers be carried out by very few. farm hands. The others need to be retained before they can fit into new jobs.
(b) The use of heavy machine. such as the bulldozers and- tractors destroys the soil structure. This may result in soil erosion caused by water.
(c) The environment is polluted because of the use of machines. The exhaust from motor-vehicles and scraps from machines and Blurriness result in environmental pollution.







READ ABOUT LEVELS OF LIFE IN LIVING ORGANISMS
d) The use of heavy machines leads to soil compaction. The continuous use of tillage implements results in the development of hard soil layer below the soil surface. This reduces water inhlliation in the soil as well as crops roots penetration.
(e) Mechanization has directed production to those crops that are mechanized such as rice, maize, and few others






The production of crops such as coco-yam and yam that are not easily produced with the aid of machines is therefore declining yearly.
(f) Machinery requires large capital investment. Only farmers that have enough money will be able to acquire machines.
(g) The use of machines in farming requires adequate and continuous supply of energy from fuel and electricity. Problems will arise if the supply is not enough, or is lacking.



here is my post on farm implement maintenance

YOU CAN ALSO READ ABOUT FARM IMPLEMENTS AND TOOLS
here related posts to this one
1. tillage machineries
2. farm implements
3. maintenance of farm machineries
4. tillage systems
5. mechanization of agriculture and its importance


agricultural biology topics

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HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.

1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
11. AGRICULTURAL REGULATIONS
12. AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION
13. RESEARCH INSTITUTES IN AGRICULTURE
14. AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
15. AGRICULTURAL CREDITS
16. AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIES
17. QUARANTINE SERVICES
18. VACCINES IN AGRICULTURE
19.
FARM SETTLEMENT SCHEME
20. PROBLEMS OF FARM SETTLEMENT SCHEME
21. OPERATION FEED THE NATION

22. THE GREEN RESOLUTION
23. LAND TENURE SYSTEMS
24. GOVERNMENT LAWS OF LAND REFORMS
25. FARM INSURANCE SCHEME
26. TYPES OF FARM INSURANCE
27. AGRICULTURAL CO-OPERATIVES
28. TYPES OF AGRICULTURAL CO-OPERATIVES




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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION






48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112.
THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE
117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149. PLOUGHS
142. FIELD MACHINES
157. PLANTERS
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION

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ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION

ADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE Farm mechanization has the following advantages 1. TIMELINESS OF OPERATION farm mechanization ensure...

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