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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MONOGASTRIC ANIMAL RUMINANT ANIMALS Possesses only one stomach 1. Po...

WEEDS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES 1

please there are important topics discussed in the middle of this article. so skroll down and find their links

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

Wild potato or moring glory Striga senegalensis
Broom weed Ipomea spp
Emilia Sida acuta
Giant star grass Emilia sonchifolia
Stubborn grass Cynodon nlemfuensis
Sensitive plant Sporobolus pyramidalis
Bur weed Mimosa pudica
Weeds compete with crops for water, light, and mineral nutrients. Those with broad leaves over-shadow the crops from direct light intensity and in turn reduces photosynthesis. They utilize nutrients and water in the soil thereby preventing the crops from getting them.
2. Because of their ability to grow fast, weeds can suppress growth of crops on the farm thereby reducing their development and yield.
you can learn about fish production here fish farming and management
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
WEED DISPERSAL METHODS
Some common garden weeds

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES

1 Guinea grass Panicumm maximum
2 Elephant grass Pennisetum purpureun
3 Tridax Tridax prociimbem
4 Carpet grass Axonopus compressus
5 Goose grass or Africana Cynodon dactylon
6 Siam weed Eluesine indica


IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS BY PICTURES

7 African or bush marigold Chromoleana odorata
8 Pig weed Aspilia Africana









IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS BY PHOTOS
9 Goat weed or blue top Boerhavia diffusa
10 Water leaf
Ageratum conyzoides
11 Soft weed Talinum triagulare
12 Wild green Erogratis tenella 13. Stubborn grass 14. Igbologi/water leaf
15. "Ichtei" 16. Dolukegu 17. Ebeleogu 18. Okpalieziza-Ike


IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
13 Tropical kudzu Amaranthus spinosus
14 Centro Calapogonium mucunoides
15 Blue flower or water grass Centrosema pubescens
16 Spear grass Commelina spp
17 Striga Imperata cylindrical MORE LIST OF GARDEN WEEDS 
18 Wild potato or moring glory Striga senegalensis
19 Broom weed Ipomea spp
20 Emilia Sida acuta
21 Giant star grass Emilia sonchifolia
22 Stubborn grass Cynodon nlemfuensis
23 Sensitive plant Sporobolus pyramidalis
24 Bur weed Mimosa pudica
25 Acanthospermum hisidum

READ THE FULL LISTS OF WEEDS AND

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES HERE


1. Blue feather--------------------------------Commelina nudiflora

DONT FORGET YOU CAN MAKE COOL MILLION ONLINE HERE IN THIS GUIDE

2. BAHAMA GRASS-----------------Cynodon dactylon

BUR WEED-----------------------------Triumfetta rhumboidea


CALAPO---------------------------------Calapagonium mucunoides

CARPET GRASS----------------------Axonopus compressors



to understand the effect of leaching and liming, read here


IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

READ ABOUT POULTRY FARMING AND BIRDS HERE

science and its usefulness. read here
ECOLOGICAL AND VEGETATIVE ZONES IN NIGERIA
CELOCIA--------------------------------Celosia rotundus

CENTRO-----------------------------------Centrocema pubescens

DESMODIUM-----------------------------Desmodium Spp

DODDER----------------------------------Cascuta americana
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

ELEPHANT GRASS----------------------Pennisetum purpurium
CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS
EMILLIA-----------------------------------Emillia sognifochia

you can read my post on bush fallowing here

here is my detailed article on the botanical names of crop

you can read more about weed control methods here

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
FOXTAIL GRASS--------------------------Setaria barbata

GOAT WEED-----------------------------------Ageretum conyzoides

GUINEA GRASS----------------------------Panacum maximum

GIANT STAR GRASS=============Cynodon plectostachyus
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
GUATEMALA GRASS------------------------Tripsaum laxum
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING AND CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE

GRAGOSTIC GRASS------------------------Gragrostic aspera

LEMON GRASS---------------------------Cymbopogon citratus

here is a post on propagation of crops here

here is a post on agricultural practice

MILK WEED--------------------------------Euophorbia hirta

MISLETOE--------------------------------------LORANTHUS PENTAGONA







IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

<h3>LIST OF WEEDS </h3>

MONEY WEED--------------------------------accanthospernum hispidum

NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS-------------------Andropogon gayanus

GLORIOSA PLANT-------------------------Gloriosa superba

PARA GRASS--------------------------------Pernicum barbinode

PANGOLA GRASS---------------------------Digitaria decumbens

PIG WEED-----------------------------------Boerhavia diffusa

SOME OF THESE WEED ARE VERY USEFUL TO MAN. YOU CAN READ MORE HERE


read how weeds can be used as mulching materials
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION
17. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING





18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA


39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON







90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION



147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES


154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE


BOTANICAL NAMES OF SOME AFRICAN WEEDS

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
PUERO----------------------------------------Pueraria phaseoloides

RUBBER WEED-----------------------------Mimosa pudica

RHODES GRASS-----------------------------Chloris guyana

SOUTHERN GAMBA GRASS------Andropogon tectorum

SUNHEMP----------Crotelaria juncea

SPEAR GRASS---------Imperata cylindrica
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
STYLO-------Stylosanthes gracilis
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
SENSITIVE PLANT-------Mimosa pudica

SEDGE PLANT---------Cyperus rotundatus

SIAM WEED----------Chromolina oohum

STUBBORN GRASS------Sida acuta

GREEN-TETE-WITH THORNS---------Amaranthus spinos

you can read about the use of herbicide and its application here

Weed control measures

There are several methods used in weed control. They can BE classified into:
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control.
(b) Cultural method.
(c) Biological method of weed control.
(d) Chemical method of weed control.
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control

(i) Hand pulling: 1 This is the pulling of weeds by hand in the farm. Though it is efficient, but only useful in small gardens and not large farms.

WEEDS CONTROL METHODS

(ii) Hoeing: The short or small hoe is very useful in weeding. It is used to cut the weed below the crown of the plant which gives, complete destruction of the shoot system. It is effective in the control of weeds either in pasture, home garden or row crops. Hoe can be used to weed from the furrow to the top of a ridge. Its use is however on a limited and it requires plenty of labour.



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Important topics related to the above article

1. Recognizing living things










(vii) Culural method: This involves the use of cultural practices of crop production to reduce the growth of weeds on the farm. Such cultural practices include
YOU CAN READ DETAILS OF CULTURAL PRACTICES HERE
i. Burning of farmland: This kills weed parts, seeds and fruits both in the soil and on the surface.
ii. Tillage: Tillage helps to expose weed parts for destruction by sun or herbicides. They can also be hand picked and destroyed.
iii. Early planting: This ensures that crops are well established before the weeds start growing.
iv. Good spacing: Proper spacing of crops helps in the reduction of weeds along the crop rows. It also makes it easy for weeding to he done.
v. Mixed cropping: Planting or two or more crops, together oil the same farmland can help to reduce the intensity of weeds on the larm
(c) Biological method






This involves the use of living plants and animals to control weeds. They include:
(i) Use of suppressive plants: Crops that grow fast and large too can be used to overshadow weeds thereby reducing their growth, Also, cover crops such as melon and legumes like groundnut can be used to control weeds on the farm.
(ii) Use of insects: This involves the use of identified insect pests weeds in controlling weeds on the farm. Insects which have been found to feed on a particular weed can be multiplied and introduced to the area to feed and destroy such weed species.
(iii) Pasturing: This involves the grazing of farm animals on weeds usually in plantations such as rubber and oil palm. Animals like i cattle, sheep or goat are commonly used in this method.
(d) Chemical method
This is the method that is used on a large scale. It makes use of chemicals in the control of weeds. These chemicals are known as herbicides. They are sprayed either on the leaves of weeds or applied to the soil. They are classified into:
(i) Selective herbicides: These are chemicals that can kill certain groups or species of plants. Example is 2, 4 -D (Dichlorophen-oxyacetic acid). IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS-They can be used in cereals, sugar cane and soya beans farms to reduce weeds.

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
read about types farming systems


1. Blue feather--Commelina nudiflora


2. BAHAMA GRASS

BUR WEED-------Triumfetta rhumboidea

CALAPO--------Calapagonium mucunoides

CARPET GRASS-----Axonopus compressors





find my article on how to identify a weed here


read about piercing and sucking insects


CELOCIA------Celosia rotundus

CENTRO-------Centrocema pubescens

DESMODIUM----Desmodium Spp

DODDER--------Cascuta americana

ELEPHANT GRASS------Pennisetum purpurium

EMILLIA------Emillia sognifochia


IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

FOXTAIL GRASS----Setaria barbata

GOAT WEED------Ageretum conyzoides READ MORE ABOUT THE USES OF GOAT WEED HERE

GUINEA GRASS----Panacum maximum

GIANT STAR GRASS-----Cynodon plectostachyus

GUATEMALA GRASS------Tripsaum laxum

GRAGOSTIC GRASS----Gragrostic aspera
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
LEMON GRASS---Cymbopogon citratus
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
MILK WEED-------Euophorbia hirta

MISLETOE------LORANTHUS PENTAGONA

MONEY WEED--------accanthospernum hispidum

NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS--Andropogon gayanus

GLORIOSA PLANT------Gloriosa superba

PARA GRASS---------Pernicum barbinode

PANGOLA GRASS -Digitaria decumbens

PIG WEED-------------Boerhavia diffusa
rabbit-weed RABBIT WEED-------- Gutierrezia

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

Flixweed Sisymbrium sofia

floating marsh marigold Caltha natans

Floating Mud-rush Scirpus

Floating Sweetgrass Glyceria fluitans

Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum

Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce

Florentine Iris Iris x germanica var. florentina

Floss Flower Ageratum houstonianum

Flossflower Ageratum conyzoides

Flower of An Hour Hibiscus trionum
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
Flowering Maple Abutilon grandifolium

Flowering Maple Abutilon hybr.

Flowering Rush Butomus umbellatus

Flowery Senna Cassia corymbosa

Fool's Parsley Aethusa cynapium

Forget-me-not Myosotis

Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides

Formosa Lily Lilium formosanum

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar acerifolia:

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar formosana

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar maximowiczii:

Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecoroides

Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum

Fountains Lobelia Lobelia erinus

four-leaved mare's tail Hippuris tetraphylla
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
Fox Sedge Carex vulpinoidea


for other sources of the types of weeds read here

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
PUERO----------------------------------------Pueraria phaseoloides

RUBBER WEED-----------------------------Mimosa pudica

RHODES GRASS-----------------------------Chloris guyana

SOUTHERN GAMBA GRASS---------------Andropogon tectorum

SUNHEMP-------------------------------------Crotelaria junc-Imperata cylindrica

STYLO--------------Stylosanthes gracilis

SENSITIVE PLANT----Mimosa pudica

SEDGE PLANT--------Cyperus rotundatus

SIAM WEED----Chromolina oohum

STUBBORN GRASS-----Sida acuta

GREEN-TETE-WITH THORNS-------Amaranthus spinosis

Abscess Root Polemonium reptans
Acanthus-leaved Thistle Carlina acanthifolia
Accocha Cyclanthera pedata
Aconite Aconitum
Aconite Aconitum columbianum
Aconite Aconitum fischeri
Acroclinium Helipterum roseum
Adam's Needle Yucca filamentosa
Adder's Tongue Erythronium americanum
Adder's Tongue Erythronium tuolumnense
Aden Senna Cassia holosericeae
Adriatic bellflower Campanula elatines
Adzuki Bean Phaseolus angularis
African Ammoniacum Ferula communis
African Bdellium Balsamodendron africanum
African Bdellium Ceradia furcata
African Blackwood Peltophorum africanum
African Cedar Cedrus atlantica
African Cucumber







Cucumis metuliferus
African Daisy Arctotis breviscapa
African Daisy Arctotis hybrida
African Daisy Arctotis venusta
African Daisy Dimorphotheca barberiae
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
African Daisy Dimorphotheca ecklonis

African Kino Pterocarpus erinaceus

African Lily Agapanthus africanus

African Marigold Tagetes erecta

African Valerian Fedia cornucopiae

African Valerian Valeriana cornucopiae

African Valerian Valeriana cornucopiae:

African violet Saintpaulia ionantha

African wormwood Artemisia afra

Agar-agar Gelidium amansii

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
Agave Agave americana

Agrimony Agrimonia eupatoria

Agrimony Agrimonia pilosa:

Agrimony Agrimonia viscidula:

Aji Colorado Chile Capsicum pendulum

Aji Habanero Chile Capsicum baccatum

Ajo lily Hesperocallis undulata

Ajowan Carum copticum

Ajowan Trachyspermum ammi

Ajwan Carum copti

Alaska Oniongrass Melica subulata

Alaska willow Salix alaxensis

Alaskan blueberry Vaccinium alaskaense

Alaskan mountain-heather Cassiope stelleriana

Alba Semiplena Rose Rosa x alba

Albany Beech Drops Pterospora andromeda

Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum

Alfalfa Medicago sativa

Alkanet Anchusa

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

Alkanet Anchusa tinctoria

Alkanet Pentaglottis sempervirens

Alligator Juniper Juniperus pachyphloea

All-seed Radiola linoides

Allspice Pimenta dioica

Allspice Pimenta officinalis

Allspice Pimenta officinalis:

Allwood's Dianthus Dianthus x allwoodii

Almond Geranium Pelargonium quercifolium 'Pretty Polly'

you can read the following related posts

1. weed dispersal methods
2. importance of weeds
3. botanical names of crops
4. crop classification
5. weed control methods
6. scientific names of weeds
7. general importance of weeds


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