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ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION ADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE Farm mechanization has the following advantages 1. ...

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BOTANICAL NAMES OF CROPS



Agricultural nomenclature

Agricultural nomenclature
The system of naming crops and weeds is based on that introduced by the Swedish Naturalist, Carlvon Linne. He was better known by the Latinized form of his name, Carolous Linnaeus. It is called the “BINOMIAL SYSTEM OF NOMENCLATURE”.
In this system, each species is given two names. The first name is the genus or generic name. it is written with capital latter. The second is the species or specific name.






The specific name starts with a small letter. For example, Potato is “Ipomea batata” Ipomea is the genus or generic name while batata is the species or specific name.
Both the generic and specific names are written or underlined separately

CROPS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME-----------------BOTANICAL NAME-------------------FAMILY NAME
1. Aerial yam-------Dioscorea bulbifera------------------Dioscoreaceae
2. African spinach----Amaranthus caudathus-------------Amaranthaceae
3. African pea--------Dacryodes edulis----------------------Burseracceae
4. Africa stirapple---Chrysophyllum albidum-------------Sapotaceae
5. Acacia---------Acacia nilotica-------------------------Mimosoideae
6. Bassela------------Bassela alba--------------------
7. Banana---------------Musa sapientum------------------------Musaceae
8. Bread fruit------------Artocarpus spp--------------------------Moraceae
9. Barbara groundnut---Voandzeia subterranean--------------Papilioniodeae
10. Bitter leave-----------Vernonia amygdalina-------------------Compositeae
11. Bitter cola---------Garcinia kola------------------------------Gultifereae
12. Bush green---------Amaranthus hybridus-------------------Amaranthaceae
13. Cowpea-----------------Vigna unguiculata------------------------Leguminoseae
14. Chinese yam-------Dioscorea sinensis-----------------------Dioscoreaseae
15. Cocoyam------------Colocasia esculentum------------------Araceae
16. Yellow Yam---------Dioscorea alata---------------------------dioscorea spp
17. Cassava-------------Manihot esculenta-----------------------Euphorbiaceae
18. Carrot-------------Daucus carota-----------------------------Umbellifereae
19. Cotton-------------Gossypium hirsutum---------------------Malvaceae
20. Castor plant-------Ricinus communis-------------------------Euphorbiaceae
21. Coconut----------Cocos nucifera-----------------------------Palmae
22. Cashew-----------Anacardium occidentale----------------Anacardiaceae
23. Cocoa-------------Theobrama cacao-------------------------Sterculiaceae
24. Common bean------Phaseolus vulgaris-------------------------Papilionoideae
25. Date palm--------Pheonix dactilifera-------------------------Palmae
26. Fluted pumpkin---Telferia occidentalis-----------------------Cucubiteae
27. Garden egg--------Solanum melongena-----------------------Solanaceae
28. Ginger------------Zingiber officinale---------------------------Zingiberaceae
29. Garlic----------Allium sativum------------------------------Amary vitaceae
30. Grape fruit-----Citrus paradise------------------------------Rutaceae
31. Guinea corn-------Sorghum guinensis-------------------------------------------
32. Groundnut--------Arachnid hypogea--------------------------Leguminosae
33. Hot pepper-------Capsicum frutescens-----------------------Solanaceae
34. Irish potato-----Solanum tuberosum
35. King orange-------Citrus nobilis---------------------------------Rutaceae
36. Kola-------------Kola acuminata/nitida---------------------Sterculiaseae
37. Lime------------Citrus aurantifolia---------------------------Rutaceae
38. Lemon grass------Cymbopogon citratus----------------------Gramineae
39. Lemon------------Citrus lemon--------------------------------- Rutaceae
40. Maize--------------Zea mays--------------------------------------Gramineae
41. Millet-----------Pennisetum typhodium-------------------Gramineae
42. Mango------------Mangifera indica----------------------------Anardiaceae
43. Mint-------------Ocimum Americana------------------------Labiateae
44. Oil bean---------Penteclthra macrophyla-------------------Leguminoseae
45. Okra-------------Hibiscus esculenta--------------------------Malvaceae
46. Oil palm---------Elaesis guineasis-----------------------------Palmae
47. Onion------------Allium cepa-----------------------------------Billiaceae
48. Okazi------------Cinetum africanum-------------------------
49. Pineapple--------Ananas comosus--------------------------------
50. Pawpaw-----------Carica papaya--------------------------------Caricaceae
51. Pumpkin----------Cucubita mixta-------------------------------Cuearbiteae
52. Pepper seed------Afromomum melagueta-------------------Gingibereae
53. Pepper fruit-----Denettra tripetala--------------------------Annonaceae
54. Plantain---------Musa paradisiaca---------------------------Musaceae
55. Pigeon pea-------Cajanus cajan--------------------------------Leguminoseae
56. Raphia palm-----Raphia vinifera------------------------------Palmae
57. Rice--------------Oryza sativa---------------------------------Gramineae
58. Rubber-----------Hevea brasiliensis-------------------------Euphorbiaceae
59. Sugar cane--------Saccharinum officinarum----------------Gramineae
60. Soya bean---------Glycine max---------------------------------Leguminoseae
61. Sweet potato------Ipomea batata----------------------------Convolvulaceae
62. Sweet orange------Citrus sinensis-------------------------------Rutaceae
63. Sour orange-------Citrus aurantium---------------------------Rutaceae
64. Shaddock(pomelo)---Citrus grandis------------------------------Rutaceae
65. Sweet pepper-------Capsicum annum--------------------------Solanaceae
66. Saint leaf--------Ocimum grattissimum-----------------------------------
67. Tangerine----------Citrus reticulate-----------------------------Rutaceae
68. Three leafed yam---Dioscorea dumentorium------------------Dioscoreaceae
69. Tomato-------------Lycopersicum esculenta------------------Solanaceae
70. Tobacco------------Nicotiana tabacum--------------------------Solanaceae
71. Velvet beans-------Stilozobium decringianum-------------------------------
72. Wheat--------------Triticum aestivum---------------------------Gramineae
73. White yam----------Dioscorea rotundata------------------------Dioscoreaceae
74. Water yam---------Dioscorea alata-------------------------------Dioscoreaceae

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1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION
17. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON
86. PESTS OF VEGETABLES
87. GRASSHOPPER
88. THRIPS
89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION
143. DISEASE, CAUSES, SYMPTOM CORRECTION
144. RANGE MANAGEMENT AND IMPROVEMENT
145. LIVESTOCK DISEASES
146. VIRAL DISEASES
147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES


154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE