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BOTANICAL NAMES OF CROPS


Agricultural nomenclature
Botanical names of some crops
The system of naming crops and weeds is based on that introduced by the Swedish Naturalist, Carlvon Linne. He was better known by the Latinized form of his name, Carolous Linnaeus. It is called the “BINOMIAL SYSTEM OF NOMENCLATURE”.
In this system, each species is given two names. The first name is the genus or generic name. it is written with capital latter. The second is the species or specific name.




The specific name starts with a small letter. For example, Potato is “Ipomea batata” Ipomea is the genus or generic name while batata is the species or specific name.
Both the generic and specific names are written or underlined separately when type.

BOTANICAL NAMES OF CROPS
COMMON NAME-----------------BOTANICAL NAME-------------------FAMILY NAME
1. Aerial yam-------Dioscorea bulbifera------------------Dioscoreaceae
2. African spinach----Amaranthus caudathus-------------Amaranthaceae
3. African pea--------Dacryodes edulis----------------------Burseracceae
4. Africa stirapple---Chrysophyllum albidum-------------Sapotaceae
5. Acacia---------Acacia nilotica-------------------------Mimosoideae
6. Bassela------------Bassela alba--------------------
7. Banana---------------Musa sapientum------------------------Musaceae
8. Bread fruit------------Artocarpus spp--------------------------Moraceae
9. Barbara groundnut---Voandzeia subterranean--------------Papilioniodeae
10. Bitter leave-----------Vernonia amygdalina-------------------Compositeae
11. Bitter cola---------Garcinia kola------------------------------Gultifereae
12. Bush green---------Amaranthus hybridus-------------------Amaranthaceae
13. Cowpea-----------------Vigna unguiculata------------------------Leguminoseae
14. Chinese yam-------Dioscorea sinensis-----------------------Dioscoreaseae
15. Cocoyam------------Colocasia esculentum------------------Araceae
16. Yellow Yam---------Dioscorea alata---------------------------dioscorea spp
17. Cassava-------------Manihot esculenta-----------------------Euphorbiaceae
18. Carrot-------------Daucus carota-----------------------------Umbellifereae
19. Cotton-------------Gossypium hirsutum---------------------Malvaceae
20. Castor plant-------Ricinus communis-------------------------Euphorbiaceae
21. Coconut----------Cocos nucifera-----------------------------Palmae
22. Cashew-----------Anacardium occidentale----------------Anacardiaceae
23. Cocoa-------------Theobrama cacao-------------------------Sterculiaceae
24. Common bean------Phaseolus vulgaris-------------------------Papilionoideae
25. Date palm--------Pheonix dactilifera-------------------------Palmae
26. Fluted pumpkin---Telferia occidentalis-----------------------Cucubiteae
27. Garden egg--------Solanum melongena-----------------------Solanaceae
28. Ginger------------Zingiber officinale---------------------------Zingiberaceae
29. Garlic----------Allium sativum------------------------------Amary vitaceae
30. Grape fruit-----Citrus paradise------------------------------Rutaceae
31. Guinea corn-------Sorghum guinensis-------------------------------------------
32. Groundnut--------Arachnid hypogea--------------------------Leguminosae
33. Hot pepper-------Capsicum frutescens-----------------------Solanaceae
34. Irish potato-----Solanum tuberosum
35. King orange-------Citrus nobilis---------------------------------Rutaceae
36. Kola-------------Kola acuminata/nitida---------------------Sterculiaseae
37. Lime------------Citrus aurantifolia---------------------------Rutaceae
38. Lemon grass------Cymbopogon citratus----------------------Gramineae
39. Lemon------------Citrus lemon--------------------------------- Rutaceae
40. Maize--------------Zea mays--------------------------------------Gramineae
41. Millet-----------Pennisetum typhodium-------------------Gramineae
42. Mango------------Mangifera indica----------------------------Anardiaceae
43. Mint-------------Ocimum Americana------------------------Labiateae
44. Oil bean---------Penteclthra macrophyla-------------------Leguminoseae
45. Okra-------------Hibiscus esculenta--------------------------Malvaceae
46. Oil palm---------Elaesis guineasis-----------------------------Palmae
47. Onion------------Allium cepa-----------------------------------Billiaceae
48. Okazi------------Cinetum africanum-------------------------
49. Pineapple--------Ananas comosus--------------------------------
50. Pawpaw-----------Carica papaya--------------------------------Caricaceae
51. Pumpkin----------Cucubita mixta-------------------------------Cuearbiteae
52. Pepper seed------Afromomum melagueta-------------------Gingibereae
53. Pepper fruit-----Denettra tripetala--------------------------Annonaceae
54. Plantain---------Musa paradisiaca---------------------------Musaceae
55. Pigeon pea-------Cajanus cajan--------------------------------Leguminoseae
56. Raphia palm-----Raphia vinifera------------------------------Palmae
57. Rice--------------Oryza sativa---------------------------------Gramineae
58. Rubber-----------Hevea brasiliensis-------------------------Euphorbiaceae
59. Sugar cane--------Saccharinum officinarum----------------Gramineae
60. Soya bean---------Glycine max---------------------------------Leguminoseae
61. Sweet potato------Ipomea batata----------------------------Convolvulaceae
62. Sweet orange------Citrus sinensis-------------------------------Rutaceae
63. Sour orange-------Citrus aurantium---------------------------Rutaceae
64. Shaddock(pomelo)---Citrus grandis------------------------------Rutaceae
65. Sweet pepper-------Capsicum annum--------------------------Solanaceae
66. Saint leaf--------Ocimum grattissimum-----------------------------------
67. Tangerine----------Citrus reticulate-----------------------------Rutaceae
68. Three leafed yam---Dioscorea dumentorium------------------Dioscoreaceae
69. Tomato-------------Lycopersicum esculenta------------------Solanaceae
70. Tobacco------------Nicotiana tabacum--------------------------Solanaceae
71. Velvet beans-------Stilozobium decringianum-------------------------------
72. Wheat--------------Triticum aestivum---------------------------Gramineae
73. White yam----------Dioscorea rotundata------------------------Dioscoreaceae
74. Water yam---------Dioscorea alata-------------------------------Dioscoreaceae

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Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112.
THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING
120. CLEARING

121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING
123. FARM YARD MANURE

124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION





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