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WHAT IS BUSH FALLOWING?


bush fallowing

Bush fallowing is a process of allowing a piece of land vacant or rest ,, that is without farming






activities on same piece of land for some period of years say 3-4 years or there about in other to allow the land regain its lost nutrients.
THIS PERIOD OF REST IS CALLED FALLOW PERIOD.
THE PROCESS OF ALLOWING THE LAND TO REST IS CALLED FALLOWING.
A fallowed land will have good vegetation and the leaves will fall and decompose to improve soil nutrients.
Nutrients in the fallowed land are recycled. When a farmer leaves a land to fallow, he will go to another piece of Land to farm.
IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT BUSH FALLOWING IS ESSENTIALLY AND PRACTICALLY POSSIBLE WHERE THERE IS PLENTY OF LAND


And this possible in communities with large hectares of uncultivated Lands so in a situation where Land is scarce or not readily available bush fallowing is not encouraged.
SHIFTING CULTIVATION IS ANOTHER NAME FOR BUSH FALLOWING
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Effects of bush fallowing
Bush fallowing is a system of subsistence agriculture in which land is cultivated for a period of time and then left uncultivated for several years so that its fertility can be restored.

MEANING OF FALLOW LAND
Fallow land is a land that is left uncultivated between planting seasons in order to allow the soil to regenerate and regain its minerals lost. In general terms fallow means a field where nothing in growing or land left not to be cultivated presumptuously





Characteristics OF BUSH FALLOWING
1. It is mainly practiced by peasant farmers or poor farmers.
2. It involves the use of crude implements like cutlass and hoe
3. The family is the main sources of labor input to the farm
4. It is common in rural areas with abundant farmlands
5. Productivity per unit of land or per unit of labor is low
6. Food crops like yam, maize, cassava etc. are grown
7. Farmlands are left to fallow after one planting season
8. It uses slash or burn method for land preparation
9. It is mainly for family consumption or subsistence
10. It is practiced where population is very low
11. Pests and disease are not controlled
12. Gathering method of clearing the land is practiced.
• ADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING
• The main advantage of Bush Fallowing is the fact that It is low cost since the equipment used are simple, but this assertion was what I found during one of my research online. So here is a major list the advantages of the use of fallow system of land cultivation

• It ensures continuous sustenance during periods of crop failure although not in all cases
• It can be used to check soil erosion, leaching and weed growth which in my opinion is a fact
• It is very easy to practice as low technology as required- this sometimes is not true as it requires the farmer to start all over again on a new piece of land
• It aids the natural restoration of soil nutrients during the fallow period
• It helps to control plant and diseases and pests





• DISADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING
• There is no provision for expansion In Bush Fallowing, as it does not lead to mechanization
• It leads to wastage of land
• It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources like timber
• It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population
• There is no intensive use of fertilizers and manures

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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112.
THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING
120. CLEARING

121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING
123. FARM YARD MANURE

124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST



126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION






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