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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MONOGASTRIC ANIMAL RUMINANT ANIMALS Possesses only one stomach 1. Po...

WHAT IS BUSH FALLOWING?


bush fallowing

Bush fallowing is a process of allowing a piece of land vacant or rest ,, that is without farming
activities on same piece of land for some period of years say 3-4 years or there about in other to allow the land regain its lost nutrients.
THIS PERIOD OF REST IS CALLED FALLOW PERIOD.
THE PROCESS OF ALLOWING THE LAND TO REST IS CALLED FALLOWING.
A fallowed land will have good vegetation and the leaves will fall and decompose to improve soil nutrients.
Nutrients in the fallowed land are recycled. When a farmer leaves a land to fallow, he will go to another piece of Land to farm.
IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT BUSH FALLOWING IS ESSENTIALLY AND PRACTICALLY POSSIBLE WHERE THERE IS PLENTY OF LAND
And this possible in communities with large hectares of uncultivated Lands so in a situation where Land is scarce or not readily available bush fallowing is not encouraged.
SHIFTING CULTIVATION IS ANOTHER NAME FOR BUSH FALLOWING
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Effects of bush fallowing

Bush fallowing is a system of subsistence agriculture in which land is cultivated for a period of time and then left uncultivated for several years so that its fertility-soil can be restored.






MEANING OF FALLOW LAND
Fallow land is a land that is left uncultivated between planting seasons in order to allow the soil to regenerate and regain its minerals lost. In general terms fallow means a field where nothing in growing or land left not to be cultivated presumptuously

Characteristics OF BUSH FALLOWING
1. It is mainly practiced by peasant farmers or poor farmers.
2. It involves the use of crude implements like cutlass and hoe
3. The family is the main sources of labor input to the farm
4. It is common in rural areas with abundant farmlands
5. Productivity per unit of land or per unit of labor is low
6. Food crops like yam, maize, cassava etc. are grown
7. Farmlands are left to fallow after one planting season
8. It uses slash or burn method for land preparation
9. It is mainly for family consumption or subsistence farming
10. It is practiced where population is very low
11. Pests and disease are not controlled
12. Gathering method of clearing the land is practiced.
• ADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING
• The main advantage of Bush Fallowing is the fact that It is low cost since the equipment used are simple, but this assertion was what I found during one of my research online. So here is a major list the advantages of the use of fallow system of land cultivation







1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION
17. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA

49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
ON THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION
143. DISEASE, CAUSES, SYMPTOM CORRECTION
144. RANGE MANAGEMENT AND IMPROVEMENT
145. LIVESTOCK DISEASES
146. VIRAL DISEASES
147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES







154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

• It ensures continuous sustenance during periods of crop failure although not in all cases
• It can be used to check soil erosion, leaching and weed growth which in my opinion is a fact
• It is very easy to practice as low technology as required- this sometimes is not true as it requires the farmer to start all over again on a new piece of land
• It aids the natural restoration of soil nutrients during the fallow period
• It helps to control plant and diseases and pests

• DISADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING
• There is no provision for expansion In Bush Fallowing, as it does not lead to mechanization
• It leads to wastage of land
• It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources like timber
• It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population
• There is no intensive use of fertilizers and manures

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