classes of mineral salts and their deficiency symptoms


CLASSES OF MINERAL SALTS
MINERAL SALTS
Not with general view but with definite accuracy, animals need or require various mineral salts for metabolic activities within the body.
Except for sodium chloride which is table salt, and a few medicines like iron tablets which can be taken directly by man, other mineral salts are usually taken in minute quantity through the food we eat. Lack of any of these minerals in a certain degree, will result in nutritional deficiency.






CLASSES OF MINERAL SALTS
The various classes of mineral salts include the following
i. Calcium
ii. Phosphorus
iii. Magnesium
iv. Potassium
v. Sulphur
vi. Sodium
vii. Chlorine
viii. Iron
ix. Iodine
x. Manganese
xi. Fluorine
xii. Copper and
xiii. Cobalt



The various classes of mineral salts include the following
xiv. Calcium
xv. Phosphorus
xvi. Magnesium
xvii. Potassium
xviii. Sulphur
xix. Sodium
xx. Chlorine
xxi. Iron
xxii. Iodine
xxiii. Manganese
xxiv. Fluorine
xxv. Copper and
xxvi. Cobalt
xxvii.
xxviii.
xxxiv.
xxxvii.
xxxviii.


Here is a chat of the sources, functions, deficiency and symptoms of any of the afore mentioned mineral salts

MINERAL
1. CALCIUM
Sources===== MILK, CHEESE, EGG AND FISH
FUNCTION OF AS A MINERAL
I. IT FACILITATE bone and teeth formation
II. Calcium helps in blood clotting
III. Calcium helps in the normal functioning of the heart, the nervous system and muscles
DIFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF CALCIUM
i. RICKET
ii. OSTEOMOLACIA AND TOOTH DECAY

2. PHOSPHORUS
SOURCES OF PHOSPHORUS=====Milk, cheese, egg, fishes and meat
FUNCTIONS OF PHOSPHJORUS
I. FOR STRONG DEVELOPMENT OF TEETH AND BONES
II. For respiration
III. Forms part of DNA and RNA
DEFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF PHOPHORUS
i. Rickets
ii. Tooth decay
iii. Osteomalacia

3. MAGNESSIUM
SOURCES OF MAGNESSIUM=======Green vegetables, milk and meat

FUNCTIONS OF MAGNESSIUM
i. Magnesium helps in muscle contraction
ii. Magnesium is needed for the utilization of IRON
iii. Magnesium is present in teeth and bones
iv.
v.
xi.
xiv.
xv.

DEFFICIENCY SYMTOMS OF LACK OF MAGNESSIUM
i. Lack of magnesium in the body causes Nervous disorder


4. POTASSIUM
SOURCES OF POTASSIUM============fruits and other natural food

FUNCTIONS OF POTASSIUM IN THE BODY
I. POTASSIUM HELPS IN THE TRANSMISSION OF IMPULSES IN NERVES
II. Potassium helps in the proper functioning of muscles

DEFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF LACK OF POTASSIUM IN THE BODY
i. Lack of potassium in the body leads to muscle paralysis


5. SULPHUR
SOURCES OF SULPHUR======beans, meats, fishes, eggs

FUNCTIONS OF SULPHUR IN THE BODY
i. Sulphur is a constituent of proteins, amino-acids and vitamin B

Deficiency symptoms of lack of sulphur in the body
i. Lack of sulphur in the body leads to poor growth






6. SODIUM AND CHLORINE
SOURCES OF SODIUM AND CHLORINE===========table salts, fishes and fruits


FUNCTIONS OF SODIUM ND CHLORINE
i. Sodium and chlorine help in the transmission of nerve impulses
ii. Sodium and chlorine helps in the maintenance of the osmotic balance of the cells

SYMPTOMS OF THE LACK OF SODIUM AND CHLORINE
i. Lack of sodium and chlorine in the body causes dehydration
ii. Lack of sodium and chlorine in the body causes muscle cramp


7. IRON
SOURCES OF IRON=========eggs, liver, kidneys, beans and vegetables

FUNCTIONS OF IRON
i. Iron helps in the formation of haemoglobin in the red blood cells

DIFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF IRON
i. Causes anaemia


8. IODINE
SOURCES OF IODINE======SEA FOODS

FUNCTIONS OF IODINE IN THE BODY
i. Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to make thyroxin

DEFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF IODINE
I. GOITRE



9. MANGANESE
SOURCES OF MANGANESE======egg, milk and meat

FUNCTIONS OF MANGANESE IN THE BODY
i. Manganese is required for normal growth of the body
ii. Manganese acts as co-factor in some enzymatic reactions

DEFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF MANGANESE
i. As at the time of writing this lines, I could not lay my hands on the effects of the lack of manganese in the body.
ii. I hope to make it available as soon as I get details.
iii. You can also help using the comment box if you know the symptoms of the lack of manganese in the body



10. COPPER

SOURCES OF COPPER IN THE BODY========green vegetables, eggs, milk and meat


FUNCTIONS OF COPPER IN THE BODY
i. Copper catalyzes the use of Iron in the body
ii. Copper is used for proper respiration in some aerobic organisms

DEFFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF COPPER IN THE BODY
i. Anaemia

read more here, on the importance of mineral

Here are a lists of related posts to this
i. Types of carbohydrates
ii. Types of protein
iii. Composition of protein
iv. Sources of protein

v. Fats and oil
vi. Importance of fats and oil

vii. Mineral salts
viii. Importance of carbohydrates
ix. Polysaccharides or complex sugars
x. Classification of food substances
xi. Monosaccharide or simple sugars
xii. Disaccharides or reducing sugars

xiii. Types vitamins
xiv. Water soluble vitamins
xv. Groups of vitamins
xvi. Roughages
xvii. Food tests
xviii. Importance of water
xix. Composition of water

xx.


You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.

1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112.
THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING
120. CLEARING

121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING
123. FARM YARD MANURE

124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION




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