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ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION ADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE Farm mechanization has the following advantages 1. ...

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WHAT IS SYMBIOTIC NUTRITION?


SYMBIOTIC NUTRITION


What is symbiotic nutrition?
Symbiotic nutrition is a type of nutrition in which two organisms of different species called SYMBIONTS live together and derive nutrients or food from each other.
In symbiotic nutrition, both organisms gain from such association and none is harmed. This type of nutrition called symbiotic nutrition while the association between the two organisms in which both derive benefits is called SYMBIOSIS






Apart from the nutritional benefits, the symbionts can derive other benefits like protection, reproduction shelter during such association.

Examples of organisms that exhibits symbiotic nutrition are
1. Nitrogen fixation bacteria and root nodules of leguminous plants
2. Algae and Fungi in a lichen
3. Sea anemones and hermit crabs
4. Termites and protozoa living together in the gut


1.

NITROGEN FIXATION BACTERIA AND ROOT NODULES OF LEGUMINOUS PLANTS

a typical example of symbiotic nutrition and association is the one between nitrogen fixing bacteria, Rhizobium spp and the root nodules of leguminous plants.
The bacteria is able to fix atmospheric nitrogen directly into the plant while the plant provide shelter and food for the bacteria.


ALGAE AND FUNGI IN LICHEN

a LICHEN is usually made up of two organisms, a fungus and a unicellular Alga, living closely together and this an example of symbiotic nutrition. The thallus or plant body of a lichen consists mostly of fungal hyphae, with alga cells embedded in them. The alga cells are arranged in a definite layer. The green alga manufactures food for both plants, while the fungus protects the alga and absorbs water from the surroundings thereby making the symbiotic nutrition process complete.

2.
3.

SEA ANEMONES AND CRABS

in this type of symbiotic nutrition, the sea anemone is known to attach itself to the empty shell in which the hermit crab is found. Pieces of food left by the hermit crab is what the sea anemone eats. The hermit is protected from predators that would have attacked or eaten it as the sting of the sea anemone keep them away from the hermit crab
4. TERMITES AND PROTOZOA LIVING TOGETHER IN THE GUT:

SYMBIOTIC NUTRITION


What is symbiotic nutrition?
Symbiotic nutrition is a type of nutrition in which two organisms of different species called SYMBIONTS live together and derive nutrients or food from each other.
In symbiotic nutrition, both organisms gain from such association and none is harmed. This type of nutrition called symbiotic nutrition while the association between the two organisms in which both derive benefits is called SYMBIOSIS









Apart from the nutritional benefits, the symbionts can derive other benefits like protection, reproduction shelter during such association.

Examples of organisms that exhibits symbiotic nutrition are
1. Nitrogen fixation bacteria and root nodules of leguminous plants
2. Algae and Fungi in a lichen
3. Sea anemones and hermit crabs
4. Termites and protozoa living together in the gut


1. NITROGEN FIXATION BACTERIA AND ROOT NODULES OF LEGUMINOUS PLANTS: a typical example of symbiotic nutrition and association is the one between nitrogen fixing bacteria, Rhizobium spp and the root nodules of leguminous plants.
The bacteria is able to fix atmospheric nitrogen directly into the plant while the plant provide shelter and food for the bacteria.


ALGAE AND FUNGI IN LICHEN: a LICHEN is usually made up of two organisms, a fungus and a unicellular Alga, living closely together and this an example of symbiotic nutrition. The thallus or plant body of a lichen consists mostly of fungal hyphae, with alga cells embedded in them. The alga cells are arranged in a definite layer. The green alga manufactures food for both plants, while the fungus protects the alga and absorbs water from the surroundings thereby making the symbiotic nutrition process complete.


2.
3. SEA ANEMONES AND CRABS: in this type of symbiotic nutrition, the sea anemone is known to attach itself to the empty shell in which the hermit crab is found. Pieces of food left by the hermit crab is what the sea anemone eats. The hermit is protected from predators that would have attacked or eaten it as the sting of the sea anemone keep them away from the hermit crab
4. TERMITES AND PROTOZOA LIVING TOGETHER IN THE GUT:

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1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION
17. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON
86. PESTS OF VEGETABLES
87. GRASSHOPPER
88. THRIPS
89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION
143. DISEASE, CAUSES, SYMPTOM CORRECTION
144. RANGE MANAGEMENT AND IMPROVEMENT
145. LIVESTOCK DISEASES
146. VIRAL DISEASES
147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150.
153. FUNGAL DISEASES


154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155.
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE









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