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maintenance of teeth and gum


DENTAL CARE FOR OUR TEETH


Oral hygiene, the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to prevent dental disorders
Dentistry, the professional care of teeth, including professional oral hygiene and dental surgery
Oral Surgery, any of a number of medical procedures that involve artificially modifying dentition; in other words, surgery of the teeth and jaw bones.
Teeth is one of the most important aspect of the human system. The teeth plays a very important role in the feeding habit of an organism. It is worthy of note that the teeth in the mouth of an adult can be maintained to old age without losing any of it.
The decaying of teeth by bacteria and the formation of starch within the teeth can prevented by adequately caring for the teeth



How to Clean Your Teeth and Gums

There is a right way to brush and floss your teeth. Every day:

1. Gently brush your teeth on all sides with a soft-bristle brush and fluoride toothpaste.
2. Use small circular motions and short back-and-forth strokes.
3. Brush carefully and gently along your gum line.
4. Lightly brush your tongue to help keep your mouth clean.
5. Clean around your teeth with dental floss. 6. Careful flossing removes plaque and leftover food that a toothbrush can't reach.
7. Rinse after you floss.
8. People with arthritis or other conditions that limit hand motion may find it hard to hold and use a toothbrush. Some helpful tips are:



Oral hygiene

, the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to prevent dental disorders
Dentistry, the professional care of teeth, including professional oral hygiene and dental surgery
Oral Surgery, any of a number of medical procedures that involve artificially modifying dentition; in other words, surgery of the teeth and jaw bones.


The teeth can therefore by cared for in the following ways

i. The teeth should be cleaned with brush or chewing stick and tooth paste twice a day especially after meal and bed.
ii. Stains due to eating kola nuts or tobacco smoking should be removed by using hydrogen peroxide to wash the mouth
iii. Vitamins and mineral containing food such as green vegetables, fresh fruits, butter, cheese, milk and egg should be taken regularly
iv. Sugary foods and drinks like sweet ice cream, soft drinks etc. should be avoided because bacteria feeds on sugar and in the process turn them into acid which attack the teeth
v. The dentist should be visited for regular check-up minimum twice a year
vi. For those using artificial teeth, it should be removed and washed with germicide solution after each meal
Food particles of meat or any other materials should be removed after meal using tooth pick Healthy teeth and gums make it easy for you to eat well and enjoy good food. Several problems can affect the health of your mouth, but good care should keep your teeth and gums strong as you age.




vii.

viii. Teeth are covered in a hard, outer coating called enamel. Every day, a thin film of bacteria called dental plaque builds up on your teeth. The bacteria in plaque produce acids that can harm enamel and cause cavities. Brushing and flossing your teeth can prevent decay, but once a cavity forms, a dentist has to fix it.
ix.
x. Use fluoride toothpaste to protect your teeth from decay. If you are at a higher risk for tooth decay (for example, if you have a dry mouth because of a condition you have or medicines you take), you might need more fluoride. Your dentist or dental hygienist may give you a fluoride treatment during an office visit or may tell you to use a fluoride gel or mouth rinse at home.

xi. The misuse of the teeth such as opening a bottle cork or cracking large bones that may cause damage to the enamel should be avoided







Gum Disease

Gum disease begins when plaque builds up along and under your gum line. This plaque causes infections that hurt the gum and bone that hold your teeth in place. Gum disease may make your gums tender and more likely to bleed. This problem, called gingivitis, can often be fixed by brushing and flossing every day.

A more severe form of gum disease, called periodontitis, must be treated by a dentist. If not treated, this infection can ruin the bones, gums, and other tissues that support your teeth. Over time, your teeth may have to be removed.

how To prevent gum disease:


1. Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
2. Floss once a day.
3. Visit your dentist regularly for a checkup and cleaning.
4. Eat a well-balanced diet.
5. Quit smoking. Smoking increases your risk for gum disease.

CARING FOR AN INFANT'S TEETH


Even though newborns and infants do not have teeth, it is important to take care of their mouth and gums. Follow these tips:

1. Use a damp washcloth to wipe your infant's gums after each meal.
2. DO NOT put your infant or young child to bed with a bottle of milk, juice, or sugar water. Use only water for bedtime bottles.
3. Begin using a soft toothbrush instead of a washcloth to clean your child's teeth as soon as their first tooth shows (usually between 5 and 8 months of age).
4. Ask your child's health care provider if your infant needs to take oral fluoride.

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Agricultural biology topics
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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics

HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.

1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL CLAY SOIL
LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112. THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES FARM YARD MANURE
APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION




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