WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION


WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION

Agricultural development are usually hindered by the following problems.
1.

Inadequate land

: land is one of the major problems hindering agricultural development, due to the type of land tenure system being adopted. Also the soil erosion affects the use of land.

Solutions:

i. land management practices must be carried out e.g. crop rotation
ii. government must assist the farmers to get land
iii. Fertilizer application must be encouraged.




2.

Lack of finance and credit facilities:

most of the farmers do not have source of credit facilities to increase their production due to high interest rate and lack of collateral security.
Solutions:
i. Farmers should form cooperative societies.
ii. Government should assist the farmers by providing loan.
iii. Interest rate must be reduced to encourage the use of loan.

3.

Lack of basic amenities:

basic amenities such as water, healthcare, electricity are lacking and these affects agricultural development.
Solutions:
i. Government should provide drinkable water, electricity and healthcare system for farmers
ii. Community development should be encouraged among farmers.

4.

Lack of storage and processing facilities:

this is one of the major problem facing agricultural development due to inadequate storage facilities.




Solutions:
i. The government should assist the farmers by providing storage facilities
ii. Farmers should form cooperative societies to build storage and processing facilities

5.

Lack of transportation system:

the rural areas lack good roads and this increases the cost of transporting farm produce to the market.

Solutions:
i. Government should construct good roads.
ii. More motor vehicles should be provided for the farmers.

6.

Inadequate farm inputs:

farmers do not have farm inputs such as tools, chemicals and farm machinery because they are too expensive to buy and they are not timely in supply.

Solutions:
i. Government should assist the farmers to secure farm inputs at subsided price
ii. Farm inputs should be supplied to the farmers at the right time.

7.

Imperfect marketing system:

due to lack of storage facilities farmers find it difficult to control the price of the farm produce, they sell at reduce prices.

Solutions:
i. The farmers should form union in order to control the price
ii. The government should create an ideal marketing environment for the farmer.

8.

Lack of agricultural education and extension:

most of the farmers are illiterate and cannot adopt modern innovation or technology in agriculture. They are not supervised by the extension agents.

Solutions:
i. More extension agents should be employed by the government
ii. Non-governmental organization must be involved in educating the farmers
iii. Government should embark on anti-illiteracy campaign.




9.

Problems of environmental degradation:

the effects of soil erosion, flooding and pollution of the environment affects crops and animal production.

Solutions:
i. Erosion control must be embarked upon by the government
ii. Farmers must be trained on environment management.

10.

Problems of diseases and pests:

diseases and pests destroys and reduce the yield of crops and animals. It is expensive to control and adds extra cost to production cost there by reducing the profit of the farmers.

Solutions:
i. Farmers must be supplied with insecticides and chemicals at subsidized price.
ii. Government should establish pest and diseases control unit.



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You can read some of most interesting topics below
Agricultural biology topics


HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.

1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL CLAY SOIL
LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112. THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES FARM YARD MANURE
APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE

118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149.
PLOUGHS
142.
FIELD MACHINES
157.
PLANTERS
164.
SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION






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