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20 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE


TWENTY (20) DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE

THERE A LOT OF difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture and they are listed in the following order. Although these differences can be very negligible but can be feasible to recognize. You can also read my article:
1. characteristics of commercial agriculture
2. Characteristics of subsistence agriculture
3. Advantages and disadvantages of mechanized agriculture or
4. cropping system





How to identify subsistence agriculture

1. one of the characters of subsistence agriculture is that small land area is required
2. the sole purpose of a subsistence agriculture is to produce food mainly for the family consumption
3. in subsistence agriculture, crude tools are majorly used due to the fact that advanced implement are very expensive to buy
4. unskilled or manual labour are largely employed


5. in subsistence agriculture, returns or yield are very low
6. subsistence agriculture requires very small capital to start
7. subsistence agriculture does not require any strategic marketing ability
8. there are no use of advanced pest and disease control methods in subsistence agriculture
9. subsistence agriculture does require any formal education to embark on it
10. building of any large storage facility is not needed in subsistence agriculture
11. subsistence agriculture are mostly practised in developing countries with lots of peasant farmers
12. the practise of subsistence agriculture usually leaves the environment free of pollution
13. there is low environmental degradation in subsistence agriculture
14. the use of agro-allied chemicals such as herbicide and fertilizers are very minimal in subsistence agriculture
15. subsistence agriculture usually involves the mixed cropping system agriculture
16. most often in subsistence agriculture, the use of farm records are absent
17. specialization in subsistence agriculture is absent
Now much has been said about subsistence agriculture, so let us look into how to clinically identify commercial agriculture.




These are

ways to identify differentiate commercial agriculture from subsistence agriculture

1. in commercial agriculture, large areas of land is usually cultivated and mechanized
2. commercial agriculture is mainly engaged for the purpose of sales and export
3. complex modern tools and implements are used in the practise of commercial agriculture
4. skilled labour are largely employed in commercial agriculture
5. Commercial agriculture requires huge capital investment
6. Commercial agriculture requires high marketing strategies
7. Pest and disease control methods are largely employed in commercial agriculture
8. Commercial agriculture requires special skill, education and technical know-how
9. In commercial agriculture, storage and specialized facilities are needed
10. Return on investment in commercial agriculture is very high
11. Commercial agriculture is mostly practised by companies or rich farmers
12. Commercial agriculture causes pollution
13. Commercial agriculture most often leads to environmental degradation due to use of heavy machineries
14. In commercial agriculture, farming activities are usually accomplished through the use of agro-chemicals
15. In commercial agriculture, mono-cropping system of farming is usually practised
16. Farm records are kept to every detail in commercial agriculture
17. Farmers usually specialize in crop or animal production in commercial agriculture

CONCLUSION
The practise of any of the above type of agriculture is largely dependent on the purpose of going into farm activity. If the purpose is for sales and export, then the person involve will likely go into commercial agriculture but if the purpose is to produce food enough for family consumption, then subsistence agriculture is likely to be engaged.
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HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPIC ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY AND LINK TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34. FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR



RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112. THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE
117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING AND CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE/a>
149.
PLOUGHS
142. FIELD MACHINES
157. PLANTERS
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION



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