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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MONOGASTRIC ANIMAL RUMINANT ANIMALS Possesses only one stomach 1. Po...

20 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE


TWENTY (20) DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE

THERE A LOT OF difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture and they are listed in the following order. Although these differences can be very negligible but can be feasible to recognize. You can also read my article:
1. characteristics of commercial agriculture
2. Characteristics of subsistence agriculture
3. Advantages and disadvantages of mechanized agriculture or
4. cropping system

How to identify subsistence agriculture

1. one of the characters of subsistence agriculture is that small land area is required
2. the sole purpose of a subsistence agriculture is to produce food mainly for the family consumption
3. in subsistence agriculture, crude tools are majorly used due to the fact that advanced implement are very expensive to buy
4. unskilled or manual labour are largely employed







5. in subsistence agriculture, returns or yield are very low
6. subsistence agriculture requires very small capital to start
7. subsistence agriculture does not require any strategic marketing ability
8. there are no use of advanced pest and disease control methods in subsistence agriculture
9. subsistence agriculture does require any formal education to embark on it
10. building of any large storage facility is not needed in subsistence agriculture
11. subsistence agriculture are mostly practiced in developing countries with lots of peasant farmers
12. the practice of subsistence agriculture usually leaves the environment free of pollution
13. there is low environmental degradation in subsistence agriculture
14. the use of agro-allied chemicals such as herbicide and fertilizers are very minimal in subsistence agriculture
15. subsistence agriculture usually involves the mixed cropping system agriculture
16. most often in subsistence agriculture, the use of farm records are absent
17. specialization in subsistence agriculture is absent
Now much has been said about subsistence agriculture, so let us look into how to clinically identify commercial agriculture.

These are

ways to identify differentiate commercial agriculture from subsistence agriculture

1. in commercial agriculture, large areas of land is usually cultivated and mechanized
2. commercial agriculture is mainly engaged for the purpose of sales and export
3. complex modern tools and implements are used in the practise of commercial agriculture
4. skilled labour are largely employed in commercial agriculture
5. Commercial agriculture requires huge capital investment
6. Commercial agriculture requires high marketing strategies
7. Pest and disease control methods are largely employed in commercial agriculture
8. Commercial agriculture requires special skill, education and technical know-how
9. In commercial agriculture, storage and specialized facilities are needed
10. Return on investment in commercial agriculture is very high
11. Commercial agriculture is mostly practiced by companies or rich farmers
12. Commercial agriculture causes pollution
13. Commercial agriculture most often leads to environmental degradation due to use of heavy machinery
14. In commercial agriculture, farming activities are usually accomplished through the use of agro-chemicals
15. In commercial agriculture, mono-cropping system of farming is usually practiced
16. Farm records are kept to every detail in commercial agriculture
17. Farmers usually specialize in crop or animal production in commercial agriculture

CONCLUSION
The practise of any of the above type of agriculture is largely dependent on the purpose of going into farm activity. If the purpose is for sales and export, then the person involve will likely go into commercial agriculture but if the purpose is to produce food enough for family consumption, then subsistence agriculture is likely to be engaged.


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HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPIC ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY AND LINK TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY

113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES







118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING AND CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE/a>
149.
PLOUGHS
142. FIELD MACHINES
157. PLANTERS
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION