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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

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ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE


Commercial agriculture

What is commercial agriculture?

Definition: commercial agriculture is defined as the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of food, animals and cash crops in large quantities for sole purpose of sales and export.

characteristics of commercial agriculture

The major characteristics of agriculture are outlines as follows
Sole cropping system of agriculture is usually practiced
Commercial agriculture involves the cultivation of large hectares of land
Commercial agriculture involves huge capital investment or money
It involves the use hired labour
Most operations of commercial agriculture involves agricultural mechanization
Commercial agriculture employs the use of skilled labour
Output is usually very high
Only rich farmers are engaged in commercial agriculture
Improved varieties of crops and animals are used
Irrigation system may be practice where necessary
Because of high capital investment, records of daily activities are kept for the purpose of balancing profit chart
In commercial agriculture, the use of agro-chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides are often used.









advantages of commercial agriculture

commercial agriculture has so many advantages which includes the following
Commercial agriculture increases yield: owing to the fact that a large area of land is cultivated, couple with the use of fertilizers and chemicals, these increase yield opf crops and animals
Specialization of labour: commercial agriculture does lead to specialization of labour because all operation are mechanized
Encouragement of research work: commercial agriculture encourages research works into marketing and production
Provision of cheap products: as a result of mass production of livestock or crops, the sale prices of these products are usually very low and affordable
Provision of quality products: most products obtained from commercial agriculture are generally very high in quality

disadvantages of commercial agriculture

The problem usually associated commercial are as follows

Inadequate supply of improved varieties of crops and animal: this simply to say, there is inadequate supply of improved varieties of crops and some breeds of animals
Unfavourable land tenure system: unfavourable land tenure system in some part of the world does not allow the practise of commercial agriculture
High capital investment: high cost of most agricultural machineries makes commercial agriculture very difficult to be engaged in
Inadequate marketing channels: marketing channels for agricultural products are grossly inadequate in most developing countries
Inadequate technical know-how: inadequate technical know-how on the proper maintenance and usage of farm machineries makes commercial agriculture very difficult
High cost of spare parts: spare parts of farm machines such as tractors, harvesters, et. Are very expensive to purchase
Inadequate processing facilities: processing facilities for agricultural products from farms are grossly inadequate
Inadequate skilled manpower: the skilled manpower needed to operate commercial agriculture is also in short supply or invariably not enough
Inadequate credit facilities: Commercial agriculture cannot strive very well as a result of inadequate credit facility or subsidies available to farmers
Inadequate storage and processing facilities: processing facilities are grossly inadequate in most developing countries of the world

Improved application of farm inputs: inputs such as fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides used for commercial farming could pose health hazard to man and the entire environment if not properly applied
Displacement of scale farmers: the practice of commercial agriculture could to the displacement of subsistence agricultural farmers from their land
Unfavourable government policies: unfavourable government policies directly or indirectly makes the practice of commercial agriculture very difficult in most cases which may the result of TAX or direct CREDIT laws
Commercial agriculture can led to soil erosion: the practice of commercial agriculture can lead to soil erosion due to the use of heavy machines.










CONCLUSION
Commercial agriculture is very important to the development and growth of the economy of any nation as it serves as a means for foreign exchange. Another importance of commercial agriculture is that it provides employment for the teaming population of any country.
You can also read my article on subsistence agriculture here.
Other relative relevant links to this post are listed below for more study on the subject of farming. Feel free to read and share with friends and families and don’t forget to leave a comment using our comment box, thanks for your time
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You can read some of most interesting topics below

HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPIC ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY AND LINK TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34. FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR







48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
86. DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH REACTION
87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112. THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE
117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING AND CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS
125. COMPOST
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE/a>
149.
PLOUGHS
142. FIELD MACHINES
157. PLANTERS
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION

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