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CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY AND CO-OPERATIVE FARMING


CO-OPERATIVE FARMING

Co-operative farming is a kind of farming initiated by the government in which a group of farmers come together for farming purpose. Co-operative farming plays important roles in agricultural production and development
which includes the following

ROLES OF CO-OPERATIVE ORGANIZATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION

There are several roles which a co-operative farming group or organization can play in any country, they are
1.

general support for members

i. The organization make provision for employment and labour
ii. Co-operative organizations provides farm inputs to its members
iii. Co-operative organizations provides storage and processing facilities for its members
iv. Co-operative organizations make ready an available market for members farm produce
v. Co-operative organization also provide training facilities and opportunity to it’s members
vi. Co-operative organization also provide funds or capital for their members







vii. Co-operative organization provide or create awareness among members on what, when and how to produce
viii. Co-operative organization enhance investment opportunities
ix. Co-operative organization encourage es large scale production and expansion of members frontiers
2.

provision of farm inputs

Farm inputs like chemicals, farm tools and implements, fertilizers, improved seeds were not only provided by the government in sufficient quantities but where subsidized to enable peasant farmers to buy and use them
3.

provision of basic amenities

In other to discourage the migration of able bodied-men and youths to the urban centres, government decided to provide basic amenities such as electricity, pipe-borne water, healthcare services and good roads. These amenities are part of the ways in which a government can encourage farming and agricultural activities to thrive in rural areas
4.

provision of storage and processing facilities

In order to prevent food wastage and also to provide food in times of scarcity, a good government will build storage and processing facilities in all parts of the country


5.

provision of effective transportation network

The government, through its agencies like the directorate of food, road and rural infracture (DFRRI), has helped in the construction of federal roads in rural areas to ease the transportation of produce from the farm in rural areas to urban centres.
6.

provision of pest and disease control services

For farmer to produce foodstuffs in large quantities, the government makes provision for drugs, chemicals and vaccines which are used for pest and disease control. In addition the government also employs pathologists and veterinery doctors prevent and control pest and diseses of crops and animals respectively. A good example of these are
1. Quarantine department in airports
2. Quarantine department in borders and seaports
These are setup to tackle the menace of pest and other related diseases to crops and animals which are either imported or transmitted within the country.
7.

provision of extension services

Extension services enable new ideas and innovations to get to rural farmers and that on time. The government has to employ qualified and experienced extension officers to perform these roles
8.

provision of agricultural education

The fact that majority of Nigerian and African farmers are mostly illiterates, the governments sometimes provides adult education
9.

provision of research work

In order to improve local varieties or breeds of crops and animal breeding respectively, the government also set up numerous research institutes to provide solutions to the problems of local crops and animals with the view to increasing production.






Examples of government established research centres are as followed

lists of research institutes and centres in Nigeria

1. National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) Badegi
2. Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), Ibadan
3. Nigerian Institute For Oil palm Research (NIFOR), Benin
4. National Institute for Typonosomiasis Research (NITR)
5. NATIONAL HOTICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (NIHORT), IBADAN
6. RUBBER RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NIGERIA (RRIN), BENIN
7. NATOINAL ROOT CROP RESEARCH INSTITUTE (NRCRI) UMUDIKE
8. FORESTRY RESEARCH INSTITUTE IF NIGERIA (FRIN) IBADAN
9. N ATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCEANOGRAPHY (NIOMAR) LAGOS
10. NATIONAL VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (INVRI) VOM
11. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA) IBADAN
12. LAKE CHAD RESEARCH INSTITUE (LCRI), MAIDUGURI
13. LEATHER RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NIGERIA (LRIN), ZARIA
14. NIGERIAN STORED PRODUCTS RESEARCH INSTITUTE (NSPRI), ILORIN

aims and objectives of agricultural research institutes

Agricultural research institutes are centre for the development
1. of new farming technologies or practices
2. They have , through research, developed improved varieties of a number of crops, such as rubber, palm trees, cocoa, maize, cocoyam, rice, cassava, etc.
3. They have special methods of controlling pest and diseases of some animals and crops
4. They have also developed new cultural practices and farming system for better yield
5. Agricultural research institutes have also developed effective local methods of storing food or produce
6. They have developed vaccines for preventing and controlling diseases of crops and animals

government organizations in West Africa for improving agricultural production

1. Agricultural development projects (ADPs)
2. River basin development authorities,
3. National agricultural land development authority (NALDA)
4. Agricultural development bank (ADB)
5. National agricultural insurance company (NAIC)






These organizations are all developed for the sole purpose of improving farm produce. You can read my article on Nigerian land use act, and land tenure system,
Under listed are some of the useful links related to this very post

You can also read my article on subsistence agriculture here.
Other relative relevant links to this post are listed below for more study on the subject of farming. Feel free to read and share with friends and families and don’t forget to leave a comment using our comment box, thanks for your time
Don’t forget to use the comment box and leave a message or suggestion and we will get back to you within seconds.
You can read some of most interesting topics below

HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPIC ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY AND LINK TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT







48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION

62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
89. PLANT NUTRIENTS
90.
MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112. THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
114. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC MANURES
115. FARM YARD MANURE
116. APPLICATION OF INORGANIC MANURE
117. LIMING
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING AND CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
124. HUMUS