fabioclass

2 Jan 2019

characteristics of subsistence agriculture



SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

what is subsistence agriculture?

Definition:
Subsistence agriculture is defined as the type of agricultural practice which is concern with the production of food by a farmer for his family consumption only. In other words, subsistence agriculture is termed as the type farming practice where a farmer goes into farming just to feed his immediate family or household.






Inadequate capital for investment and expansion: this aspect of subsistence agriculture leads to small farm holding and inability to buy large farm input
Low level of specialization: the subsistence farmer is often involved in mixed farming system known as mixed cropping as against the production of a particular crop which could lead to specialization
Pest and disease are not properly controlled: owing to the illiteracy and [poverty level, pest and diseases are properly controlled and these further leads to low yield.
Low return or yield: as a result of illiteracy and low capital investment of the farmer and small farm holdings, the yield and returns from subsistence agriculture is usually very low

Subsistence agriculture is mostly practiced in most parts of West Africa, Nigeria Southern parts for example, is littered with this type farming due to non-availability of land enough for to engage in commercial agriculture or large scale farming. Most African communities are engaged in subsistence agriculture also known as communal farming system which involves the act of bush fallowing to allow the land some space to replenish itself by gaining nutrients in the natural way.





RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING

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