COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES OF LIVESTOCK


COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES OF LIVESTOCK AND THEIR BOTANICAL
NAMES

Grasses

Common Name Botanical Name
1 Elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum
2 Guinea grass Panicum maximum
3 Giant star grass Cynodon plestostachyum
4 Carpet grass Axonopus compressus
5 Spear grass Imperrata cylindrical
6 Bahama grass Cynodo dactylon
7 Northern gamba Andropogon gayanus
8 Souther gamba Andropogon tectorum

Legumes

Common Name Botanical Name
1 Centro Centrosema pubescens
2 Stylo Stylosanthes gracilis
3 Kudzu or puero Pueraria phaseoloides
4 Calopo Calopoganium mucunoides
5 Muccuna Muccuna utilis
6 Sun hemp Crotalaria juncea





Characteristics of some pasture crops

(1) Guinea grass (Panicum maximum): It is a dominant pasture grass in the rainforest zone. It is a bunchy or erect or tufted grass. It has a very vigorous growth of about 2m tall. It is perennial and has short underground rootstock. It is drought-resistant with high leaf to stem ratio. It is propagated by seeds or stolon. It is palatable to livestock and also good for making of hay.
(2) Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum): It is a widely distributed pasture grass throughout the rain forest zone. It is erect and of about 3 – 5m tall. It is a perennial grass with cane-like stems and dull green or purplish leaf blade. It is a highly leafy, palatable and aggressive grass. It is a high yielding grass, propagated by stolon and it is good for making silage.
(3) Giant Star grass (Cynodon plectostachyum): It is a spreading, drought-resistant, perennial grass with a long and rapidly-growing stem. This grass grow more than one metre high. It is most easily propagated by cuttings and once established, it spreads very quickly, thereby making it difficult to control. It makes a nutritious pasture grass and responds well to fertilizers, especially the phosphate Fertilizers.
(4) Carpet grass (Axonomus compressus): It is a perennial and a creeping type of grass. Its stems arc creeping. Short, compressed and to-edged. The stems have the tendency to root at the nodes. The grass does best on soil where the moisture is near to the surface but not on swamps. It is very aggressive and not nutritive. Hence, it is not so much recommended for pasture.
(5) Centro (Centrosema pubescens): Centro is vigorous and an aggressive-growing legume. It is a creeping and twining plant with trifoliate leaves that are attached to the stein by a pulvinus. Stem and leaves are hairless. It is leafy, perennial shade-tolerant and drought-resistant legume. It is self-seeding as the pods split open by explosive mechanism during dry weather and the seeds germinate during the following rainy season. It is palatable and highly nutritious to ruminants. It is highly nodulated and does well in combination with guinea grass.
(6) Tropical Kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides): It is a vigorous climbing and perennial legume. Its stems and leaves are densely hairy and spread over the soil to forma a good cover crop. Leaves are trifoliate. It is sensitive to soil moisture, stress and cannot survive drought condition. It is propagated by seeds, and its roots are nodulated. It is usually avoided by cattle on range, and it can be used as hay and silage.
(7) Stylo (Stylosanthes gracilis): It reaches 60 - 89cm in height. When kept short through regular cutting or grazing, it develops into a leafy plant, which is highly nodulated Leaves are trifoliate and creep along the ground. They are drought- resistant, propagated by seeds and perform better in dry areas. It takes livestock a little while to get used to the taste.





HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
75. SOIL WATER
80. SANDY SOIL CLAY SOIL LOAMY SOIL
83. SOIL TEXTURE
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES
soil improvement techniques
90. MACRO NUTRIENTS IN GENERAL
112. THE MAINTENANCE OF SOIL FERTILITY
113. CROP ROTATION
118. FARMING PRACTICES
119. BUSH BURNING CLEARING
121. FERTILIZER APPLICATION
122. ORGANIC MANURING FARM YARD MANURE
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
149. PLOUGHS
142. FIELD MACHINES
157. PLANTERS
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION




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