BANANA/PLANTING (Musa spp)plantain farming include improved varieties of planting materials called suckers; soil fertility; planting spacing know-how; manure application, and most importantly, water application are some of he key points one has to learn about planting plantain
Land Preparation: Clearing of the land to plant plantain is followed by stumping and making of ridges or heaps.
Many farmers might have tried and failed in plantain farming, but with the necessary requirements in place, plantain cultivation business can prove to be very lucrative and easy to start-up. It is equally done in an integrated system.
soil fertility; planting spacing know-how; manure application, and most importantly, water application.
Land Preparation: Clearing of the land which is followed by stumping and making of ridges or heaps. It can also be done mechanically through ploughing, harrowing and ridging.
Varieties/Cultivars of banana and planting
Gross Michel; Cavendish (dwarf); red banana; canary banana.
Climatic and soil requirements for plantain/bananaBanana/plantain loamy soil. if plantain is cultivated in such areas as listed above, the plantain will yield quality produce
Planting Materials for banana/plantain: These are corm (or bits), peeper suckers, sword sucker and maiden sucker.
Propagation/planting Date: Banana is propagated by vegetative means any time from April to September. Dig a hole and plant the sucker with ball of earth. The hole should be 60cm x 60cm. The holes are filled with soil(soil management) mixed with organic matter.
Spacing: 4m x 4m
Cultural Practices for the cultivation of banana/plantain(i) Weeding plantain plantation: This should be done regularly to prevent competition with crops for nutrients.
(ii) Mulching of plantain: This should be done to prevent evaporation.
(iii) Fertilizer Application in plantain farm: Apply Muriate of potash 25kg/ha by ring method at regular intervals.
(iv) how to Prune plantain: This should be done to avoid over-population per stand.
(v) Pests and other insects of plantain should be controlled.
Maturity period for plantain and bananaIt matures between 12-18 months, depending on the variety.
Harvesting time of banana
A bunch of banana is harvested when the fruit is severed from the bunch stalk by using cutlass. At times, the pseudo-stem is cut until the tree falls.