popular post of all time

new posts

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONOGASTRIC AND RUMINANT ANIMAL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MONOGASTRIC ANIMAL RUMINANT ANIMALS Possesses only one stomach 1. Po...

DISEASES OF RABBITS AND CONTROL


DISEASES OF RABBITS AND CONTROL

Common diseases of rabbits include:
(i) Coccidiosis
(ii) Enteritis
(iii) Ear canker mange
(iv) Helminthiasis
(v) Ringworm
(vi) Sore hock
(vii) Mixomytosis
(viii) Mastitis (nipple inflammation)
(ix) Pneumonia
(x) Bloat







(1)

Coccidiosis

: Causative agent: Coccidiosis is caused by protozoon. The
(2)
(3) symptoms include (i) passing o of soft faeces which may be blood stained. (ii)loss of appetite (iii)loss of weight (iv)death in severe cases

Control measures include:
(i) Treatment of sick animals with coccidiostat (ii)Raising rabbits on wire/raised cages (iii)Prophylatctic use of coccidiostat in feeds

(4)

Enteritis

: Causative agent: Enteritis is caused by protozoa, feed changes, stress or through poisoning


Symptoms include: (i) High temperature (ii) diarrhea which smells unpleasantly (iii) Loss of appetite (iv) watery faeces

Control:
(i)Avoid lumping together the young with different litters (ii) Apply appropriate drugs (antibiotic) (iii)Maintain good sanitation practices. (iv)Adopt good feeding regime/programme

(5)

Ear Canker

Causative agent: Ear Canker is caused by mange mite
Symptoms include: (i) brown scab inside the auditory canal (ii) swelling and painful ear (iii) ear scratching

Control Measures:
(i)Treat affected ear with appropriate drug (liquid paraffin on cotton wool); (ii) isolate affected animal; (iii)invite a veterinary doctor; (iv)use of miticides
(6)

Bloat:

Causative agent: This disease is caused by feeding disorder (when animal eat too much green feed too fast) and also when feeding on mouldy feed.
Symptoms include: distended stomach/abdomen and respiratory difficulty

Control: (i) Feed animals with balanced diet (ii) Do not allow the animals to get too hungry before feeding

(7)

Mixomitosis

: Causative agent: It is caused by virus. Symptoms include: (i)Untriftness (ii)Runny nose (iii)high fever

Control measures: (i) isolate infected ones (ii) Destroy (bury or burn) dead one (iii) Treat with antibiotics to reduce cross infection


(8)

Helminthiasis

: Causative agent: Helminthiasis is cause by worms. Symptoms include: (i)Poor growth (ii)Anaemia (iii)Diarrhea (iv)Death in high infestation (v)Constipation

Control measures: (i) Deworm regularly (ii) Practise good sanitation


(9)

Ringworm

: Causative agent: Ringworm is caused by fungus.
Symptoms include: (i) Circumscribed lesion on skin (ii) Loss of hair on affected skin

Control measures: (i) Use of fungicide to cure lesions (ii) Isolate affected animal

(10)

Sore-hock

: Causative agent: Sore-hock is caused by pressing the hock against hard structure which leads to injury and infection. Symptoms include raising up the hock when in sitting position.







Control measures: (i) Dress wound with disinfectant solution. (ii) Cover wound with antibiotics dressing.


FINISHING OF RABBIT TO MARKET WEIGHT

The adult doe does not have any particular heat period. The presence of a buck could stimulate the doe to come on heat. The gestation period of doe is 31 days.
Prior to kindling, nest boxes and bedding materials are provided for the doe in the hutch. The doe can give birth to four to eight litters at a time. The young ones are fed first with colostrurn and after two to three days on milk produced by the doe. After about four to eight weeks, the young rabbits (flyers) are weaned and they will start to feed on solid food and green feed as well. Growth is rapid and in the absence of diseases and parasites, coupled with good feeding programme and management, the rabbit will mature after attaining 4-5kg at four to six months of age.
Rabbit should never be lifted by their ears or legs as that might permanently injure them. Small rabbits or flyers may be lifted and carried comfortably without hurting them by grasping the loin (between the hips and ribs), with the heel of the hand towards the tail of the animal. For heavy rabbits, grasp a fold of skin over the shoulder and lift, holding the rabbit against the body with its head under an arm, the fore-arm being extended along the side of the animal and the head under its rump for support. This prevents struggling and the rabbit maybe carried comfortably.
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION
17. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON
86. PESTS OF VEGETABLES
87. GRASSHOPPER
88. THRIPS
89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION
143. DISEASE, CAUSES, SYMPTOM CORRECTION
144. RANGE MANAGEMENT AND IMPROVEMENT
145. LIVESTOCK DISEASES
146. VIRAL DISEASES
147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES


154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE