AGRICULTURAL CAPITAL MARKET


CAPITAL MARKET

Definition: Capital market is a market for raising medium-term and long-term loans for Agric-business. In this market, medium and long-term loans are made available for investment. They are institutions, structures and mechanism whereby medium-term and long-term loans are pooled and made available to investors in Agric-business.


INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED IN THE CAPITAL MARKET

THE INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED IN THE CAPITAL MARKET ARE:
(i) Commercial banks
(ii) Mortgage banks
(iii) Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and rural Development bank (NACRDB)
(iv) Insurance companies
(v) National Economic Reconstruction fund (NERFUND)
(vi) NIGERIAN Social Insurance Trust (NSITF)
(vii) Stock exchange
(viii) Quoted companies on the stock exchange
(ix) Merchants Banks





SOURCES OF FUND FOR THE CAPITAL MARKET

(i) Bonds: Bond is an amount of money which has to be given at a certain date or dates in future. The issue of bonds is a method of borrowing by most commercial farmers.
(ii) Issue of preference stock: Company choose this to raise capital. If a company have financial trouble, the buyers of share get special status. If profits are limited than owners will be paid the dividend after bond holders.
(iii) Shares: The capital of a limited company is divided into shares, which may be in units.
(iv) Debentures: These are loans of a long-term nature. They carry a fixed rate of interest.
(v) Selling of common stock: If the financial condition of the farming business is good, than it can raise the capital by issuing common stock. Banks assist the companies to do the investment and issue stock. Investors get interested if the company pays large dividends and offer steady income. Value of shares increases if investors expects the corporate earnings to rise.
(vi) Borrowing: Companies used to raise short-term capital by getting the loans from banks or other sources.

ROLES OF CAPITAL MARKET

: Capital markets do play an important roles in Agric-business. These roles or functions are as follows.
(i) Mobillisation of long term funds for on-lending: It enables long term fund to be mobilized for the development of agric-business.
(ii) Reduction on over reliance on money market: Capital market makes it possible for investors in agric-business not to over relied on money market for their fund.
(iii) Avenue for lending and borrowing: Capital market provides local opportunities for borrowing and lending for long term purposes.
(iv) General running of the economy: The existence of Capital market encourages the general public to participate in the running of the economy of the country.
(v) Challenging of funds to productive investment: The capital market ensures that funds can be mobilized and channel to productive investment.





HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES

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