maize smut disease of maize, method of transmission and prevention and control measures

What is maize smut disease?
They maize smut is a disease or fungal disease of the Maize crop. It
Is an airborne disease of maize. This means that the Maize smut is transmitted through the air.

What are airborne diseases?
This disease is known as airborne. They are spread through air, which  means It does not need human contact to be infected from one medium to another. they are spread through the air. they are contagious

This disease known as maize smut disease is caused by an organism call fungus also known as (ustilago maydis)

Transmission method of maize smut disease
1. Maize smut disease is transmitted through the air which means it is an airborne disease
 2. it is also transmitted using fungus spores deposited on fruits


How to identify the Maize smut disease
The following are some of the symptoms
1. It attacks the ears, leaves and tarsels, which letter turn black when you closely look at the leaves of Maize


How to control the spread of maize smut disease
We can instill the following measures to control the spread of Maize Smut disease
 take a look at them one after the other

1. The use of resistant variety of maize to plant on the farm is very key to controlling the effect and spread of Maize Smut disease. 
There are several varieties of maize which are very resistant to the attack of maize smut disease but from what i learnt as an agriculturist is that this seeds before planting are treated with chemicals that will not allow the Maize Smut disease to attack the crop after germination

2. Destroy diseased plant immediately you discovered it. This is simple whenever you discover the Maize smut disease on any maize crop on your farm, cut it down, take it to a very neat place and set fire on it or best dig a hole and bury it out of sight

3. Using treated seed for planting is important, 
 how do I mean by this? which means that before you plant maize on the Farm, treat the seed very well, if you don't know how to treat it before planting then seek the assistance of extension service workers within your area.
 they should be able to put you through what you should do



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