What is soil texture and importance of soil texture


what is soil texture and it's effect on crops production?

Soil texture can be defined as the relative proportion of the soil particles present in a soil sample.
In clear terms, soil texture can be said to be the relative degree of fineness or coarseness of particles of soil in a soil sample 

Each of the spoil particle sizes in degree is called a fraction
So here is a little table of soil texture showing their degree of fineness





Soil sample fractions Range of diameter in (mm)
Coarse sand 2-0.2
Fine sand 0.2-0.02
Silt 0.02-0,002
Clay 0.002 and below









importance of soil texture  to farming activities and agricultural production

When we talk of the importance of soil texture, we are simply saying is there any benefit of soil texture to a farmer
So the following are the various ways soil texture can be of benefit to a farmer

1. Soil texture of a sample of soil determines the water holding capacity of the soil of the environment

2. The relative sizes of the soil particles making the soil texture helps in soil air movement

3. The soil texture of a portion of land or soil determines the plant root penetration

4. Soil texture can also affect the level of tillage ease of a portion of land


5. During harvesting of crops like cassava the soil texture determines the hardness of the soil thereby making it easy or hard to uproot
Soil texture can adversely affect the water retention capacity of the soil



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What is a biennial crop


what are biennial crops?

Biennial crops are crops that completes their life’s cycle in two planting season or two years after planting. Most biennial crops will use the first year of after planting to gather enough nutrients also called food, leaves store up food while the remaining year is used by the biennial crop to produce what the farmer will harvest for sales or consumption
One very key aspect of biennial crops is that reproduction and maturity takes place in the second year after planting







characteristics of biennial crops

Biennial crops can easily be differentiated from annual crops or perennial crops in the following ways

Biennial crops can never produce or mature in the first year after planting
Most biennial crops have fibrous root system
Biennial crops are not tree crops as such they are not very tall





examples of biennial crops

The following are typical examples of biennial crops. To mention but a few they as follows
Pineapple
Banana
Plantain
Sugar cane/sugar beet
Cocoyam
Fluted pumpkin
Cassava etc.

Conclusion


Before going into cultivation of biennial crops in through large scale farming, the type of land tenure system or type of land ownership system practiced in the community should be considered.

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