what are the effect of deforestation in agricultural production?

What is deforestation?
Before I go into explaining the effect of deforestation I want to first of all let you know what is called deforestation before we'll look at the effect of deforestation

Definition of deforestation
Deforestation is the continuous removal of forest stand or trees are the by Bush burning or indiscriminate felling without replacing them

Now that we have known what is deforestation, let us go on to look at the effect of the removal or indiscriminate felling of trees without replacing them do they have effect? how do they affect agricultural production let's see

A comprehensive details of the effect of deforestation

1. Deforestation increases the chances of soil erosion this is caused through a situation where every tree that is covering a direct hitting of the soil through rainfall is taken away exposing the soil to direct rainfall or sheet erosion

2. The deforestation of the forest reduces water percolation due to the absence of humus and dead leaves on the soil surface when the trees are taken off

3. Deforestation in reality result in loss of soil nutrient through leaching and erosion processes. Now you can understand that going to cut down trees in the forest without replacing them has an enormous impact on the nutrient capacity of the soil

4. Yeah deforestation reduces the humus content of the soil. When you as a farmer or as an individual goes into the forest and you Cut down trees, over a time you expose that soil to direct sun rays and because there is no dead leaves or decaying organic matter on the topmost soil it reduces the chances of the soil having humus in abundance

5. I know you've heard of green vegetation campaign all over the whole world, the truth is deforestation reduces the amount of rainfall in an area, it causes the destruction of watershed. 

6. Deforestations will definitely hinder microorganisms activities in the soil. The activities of microorganisms in the soil is is at the optimum or highest level when there is soil moisture and humus everywhere

7. When we cut down trees which is also known as deforestation, this invaluable reduces wildlife population in the area concerned because all the wild animals in that environment will be driven off and then for those who are porchers or those who hunt for a living are put on starvationon list

8. Deforestation may lead to desertification.  which means at the stage where every forest or tree is cut down, the environment may become desert due to the fact that the soil type may change to become sandy soil

In conclusion of this article
It is advised that deforestation should be thrown away as it leads to series of problem like destroying wildlife conservation and exposing the soil to erosion, destroy microorganisms activities in the soil and also reducing the soil nutrient capacity. 

so in this we advocate planting of trees.  reserving areas for games. 

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The Importance and effects of tillage system on Farming activity

What is tillage?
Tillage can be defined as the working, breaking, loosening or digging up of the topmost soil in order to prepare for the planting of crops

Most Farmland that have been farmed upon for a couple of years, the nutrient position within the farm surface is no longer at the reach of the root of crops,

 so in order to enable the plant root to be able to access the positions of this nutrient, it is therefore needful that tillage should be applied

Types of tillage system
There are two major types of tillage system which are
1. Simple or crude tillage method
2. Mechanized tillage system

Despite the fact that tillage helps too bring out the soil nutrient closer to where the root nodules of plants can assess this nutrient for proper growth 

it is also important to understand that the goodness or the importance of tillage system that are also side effect to continuous tilling of the soil for planting

List of the effect of tillage system
The following are some of the effect of tillage system on Farming activities

1. Continuous tillage of the soil encourages or leads to leaching. Now as a farmer remember that making ridges or bed which are a form of tillage should not be done on continuous basis because it may lead to leaching.
 leaching simply means a state or state where water erosion is washing away the nutrient of the soil to a position where the root nodules of plants cannot be able to access them because the soil particles are not held together anymore by humus.

2. Tillage practices like the making of birds ridges helps to loosen the soil particles for easy planting of crops and germination

3. It is important for you to know that you are not just making or heaping sand somewhere to plant crops but that tillage of the soil helps to expose the soil to erosion

4. Most tillage system exposes or enhances the purple our aeration of soil. 

5. Intensive tillage can lead to loss of soil fertility. This is made possible through leaching of the soil thereby enabling leaching to take place

6. Because when we till the soil we invariably remove every plant or trees within the environment so this can also lead to poor vegetation covers which exposes the soil to sheet erosion

7. When tillage is practice on a piece of land it leads to change in the ecological system of the same piece of land

8. One major effect of tillage is that it  changes the structure and texture of the soil

9. Probably the most common effect of tillage system of the soil is that it reduces the soil capillary water capacity and increases its porosity.

Porosity of any soil means the water retention capacity or the spaces between the soil particles that can retain water

10. Some of the soil organisms that helps in promoting nutritious richness of the soil like the earthworm can easily be killed through tillage system

In conclusion when engaging in tillage practices be sure to understand the type of land is soil texture and soil structure that is found in an environment before engaging in tillage practices. the fact that if not done very well it may lead to a lot of nonsense like leaching and erosion etc

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