what are the effects of continuous cropping system on agricultural production?

Before going further to talk about the effect of continuous cropping system I want to explain to you what really is continuous cropping.

What is continuous cropping system of farming?
Continuous cropping system is a system of Farming that is repeated cultivation of crops in one area of land exclusively

This is simply the repeating or planting of crop or specific type of crop repeatedly on a given piece of land, this is called continuous cropping

Continuous cropping is majorly carried out where there is not enough of land for farming activities
So what the meaning of continuous cropping system of farming in agriculture what are the effect of this method of farming let us go on and take a look at them one after the other



The effects of continuous cropping
1. One of the most important effect of continuous cropping is that it reduces the mineral  nutrient content of the soil,
 this is so due to excessive use of a particular piece of land over a time



2. Continuous cropping on a piece of land encourages The Spread and multiplication of germs which strive to live in a given environment



3. Mono cropping system of Farming can easily result in Lower yield of crops due to excessive use of nutrients in the soil by the crops

4. monocropping system of Farming can also lead to specialisation of the farmer


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what is the effect of monocropping type of farming on an ecological system of an environment

Before looking into the effect of monocropping type of farming on the ecological system, let's look at what is mono cropping in the first place, what type of farming method is called monocropping.

What is mono cropping?
Mono cropping system of Farming is a system of farming in which one crop is cultivated every year.

 monocropping can be termed as a system of Farming whereby a farmer specialises in the production of a single type of crop like rice only


No mono cropping is well understood by you so let us go into the effect of planting only one type of crop by a farmer


The effects of mono cropping system of farming

The following are the effect of monocropping

1. Mono cropping system of Farming provides abundant food for pet of the vastly cultivated crop like a weaver bird eating rice


2. Through mono cropping process of farming the population of pest found on the given environment is increased rapidly


3. So when you are engaging in Mono cropping system of Farming like the planting of rice only, be sure you are going to meet a lot of difficulties in trying to keep your products or produce from pests


4. Mono cropping in effect reduces the soil nutrient of an environment or piece of Farmland.


5. Mono cropping system of Farming can also bring about specialisation in a narrowed area of farming


6. Mono cropping is very important and is good for those who engage in Commercial agriculture like plantation farming.






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what are the effect of bush clearing in agricultural activities to the ecosystem

Before looking at the effect of bush clearing, we have to look at what is Bush clearing, how do we undertake Bush clearing and for what purpose do we undertake Bush clearing?


So what actually is Bush clearing in agricultural activities?

Bush clearing in agricultural practice is the practice whereby the whole vegetation is cleared and removed leaving the land very clean for planting operation to take place

Land clearing can be done or carried out on the farm using crude implement or mechanized methods

Most local farmers after brushing the farm they use implement like cutlass to clear and then they use the hoe or Spade to stomp the Farmland.

In mechanized agriculture the use of bulldozers is applied when clearing the bush for planting operations to take place.

Now we've talked about what is Bush farming clearing, so let's look at the effect of bush clearing during agricultural activities or planting operations


Practical effects of bush clearing
1. Bush clearing with the use of bulldozers destroys the topmost soil


2. Through whichever means is used to clear the bush, the use of crude implement like cutlass or the use of mechanized machines like bulldozer, bush clearing will always expose the soil to direct sunlight thereby sending the microorganisms and some living organisms in the soil that helps to increase the soil nutrient down to places where the root of crops will not be able to reach them



3. Due to lack of cover which is the removal of trees from the bush, it increases the temperature of the Sun due to direct sunlight



4. Bush clearing exposes the soil to erosion and increases leaching on the farm land. This is due to the fact that when the bulldozer or heavy are   used to cultivate the land  through Bush clearing we end up destroying the soil surface and then leaving the soil to erosion and leaching



5. Yeah this is definitely true of bush clearing as it reduces the numbers of soil organisms like earthworm due to the surface of the soil being exposed to direct sunlight



6. One very major importance of bush clearing is getting rid of weeds from the Farmland before planting



7. Another importance of bush clearing it leaves the land free of all obstacles majorly or mostly when we stomp the trees from the land before any planting operation takes place.



8. Bush clearing leads to reduction of organic matter content of the soil




So after Bush clearing it is advised as a farmer to make use of cover crops after planting to avoid erosion.


It is also advised that the use of organic manures to enrich the soil nutrient capacity should be practiced


Note
There is no way a farmer can do away with bush clearing but it is important to clear your bush also before forgetting to apply various means like fertilizer application, 
use of cover crops, 
building terraces and ridges on the farm in order to avoid excessive erosion and leaching



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