the effect of the attack of rodents on crop production and their control method

What are rodents? 
Rodents are small animals pests of crops that attacks Farm produce stores. These rodents are very small and are of different sizes and types

Types of rodent that attack crops on the farm

1. Rabbit. The rabbit is a small rodent that attacks Farm crops like yam and cassava. In the African settings, the rabbit mostly operate in the night

2. The grasscutter. This type of rodent is a little similar to the rabbit but is bigger, has a sharp teeth for cutting down plant from the stand like cassava. The grass cutter operate during the day if the environment is quiet and come out also in the night to eat

3. Rats. The rat is a small farm rodent that attacks crops by digging out the tubers from the ground to eat. There are so many types of rat found all over the world ranging from small spaces to bigger ones

4. The ground squirrel. The squirrel is a type of rodent that is specialised in eating groundnut and digging cassava tubers. This type of rodent pest of crops is very cunning above all other types of rodent. It is very difficult to catch even when you set traps for it

Types of crops that are attacked by rodent pest
1. Rice

2. Groundnut

3. yam

4. Cassava

5. Beans

6. Melon

7. 🍅 Tomato and

8. Fruits

Nature of the damages caused by rodent on crops

The following are some of the types of Damages effect and nature and the extent to which damages are caused on crops production

1. Rodent feed on crops. most of the Essential parts of crop

2. They destroy whole plant by eating the tubers off

3. The attack of rodent increases cost of production because as a farmer you have to buy materials and spend money on other control measures

4. Rodent decreases the quantity of crop produced yearly across the world

How to control the attacks of rodent on Farm produce

The following are the ways in which we can try to disrupt or control their attacks and damages caused by rodents on Farm production
1. We can control the attack of rodent by using baits

2. the use of rodent chemicals known as rodenticides

3. For crops that are still in the farm before harvest we can use Predators like dog while and stalled produce we use cat to dispel or wade off rodent attacks

4. Weeding the farm on regular basis to keep it clean can also be a deterrent to the attack of rodent

5. The use of Pit traps or pit holes is also advised but at least you have to properly understand the channel whereby this animals come into your farm and then you'll try to dig holes and they can fall into will not be able to come out.

5. The use of fences

6. String wire net or traps are also advised to be used to catch a rodent that attacks crops on the farm

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effects and damages caused by bird on crop production like grains

Birds pest of crops are flying animals pest of crops that destroys crops on the farm in large quantities

A typical example of this bird that destroy rice on the farm or maize are the weaver bird species

Crops that are attacked by the weaver bird species on the farm are as follows

1.  Rice

2. Corn or maize

3. Millet

4. Sorghum

5. Unicorn

6. Guinea corn 🌽

7. Melon

8 . Pepper

Nature of Damages caused by the attack of birds on crop production

The attack of birds on crop production is very devastating mostly if you are in rice production and Maize. Nevertheless one of the most vicious birds that can wreak havoc on rice and corn production is the weaver bird. 

The weaver bird is one of the most common birds of pest. Within a week if left unchecked, this bird can destroy an acre of land fill with rice.
Another form in which this bird, the weaver bird attacks crop production as follows

1. The weaver bird feed grains in the farm. The bed obviously attacks the seed by eating them up perking them through

2. The attack of this birds reduces the quantity of production of rice and maize and other crops

3. As a result of this attacks by birds, income yield for the Farmer is also reduced

Preventive measures to tackle the attack of bird and their destructive intent on crop production
The following are some of the outlined measures and their preventive and capacity whereby we can prevent the attack of birds.
 since these birds come very early in the morning it is advised that the following measures will helpful to avoid destructive impact of this birds on our crop production

1. The use of scarecrow or bird scarer is very important in the prevention of the attack of birds on crops

2. You can also use cage baits to trap these birds. This baits can be set up in different strategic point within the farm

3. The use of catapult can also be enforced and driving away birds from distance of

4. Noise making or drumming within and around the farm is also advised

5. It is also important to use some little little explosive mechanism within intervals

6. The use or application of avicide is also advised. They avicides is a chemical mixture which is used to drive away birds when they smell the odor

7. Fencing the farm using net is very important during harvest, mostly if you are producing rice and maize or any other type grain

It is important to note that if the attack is coming from a weaver bird then you should be able to find time to stay in the farm for longer periods of the day because the Weaver bird hunt From Dusk to Dawn. This group of bird can also be very stubborn to scare away

The attack of birds on crop production can be control effectively since this birds do not reside inside the farm or do they sleep inside the farm. they come from other places,
 so their prevention can be effective if we employ some of the measures listed above

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Bean beetle and Grain Weevils pest of crops and their effect on crop production and their control methods

What is bean beetle and Grain Weevils pest of crops?
The grain beetle and weevils of cowpea are insect pests of crops that attack stored produce.
These two pest are examples of boring insects pest

The grain Weevils and bean beetle attack majorly rice, cowpea, maize and order stored produce in the storehouse

The nature of Damages and effect of the attack of Grain Weevils and bean beetle on crop production
The following are some of the ways in which the bean beetle or grain weevils attack and destroy Farm produce

1. These pests of crops bore holes into grains and eat them up

2. The attack of the grain weevils is that it bore holes and eat up the plumule and radical of the seed because it contains protein

3. When these pest of crops attacks stored produce, they end up reducing the quality of the produce. they disfigure the bean seed and also eat up the germinating part of it

4. If the attack of Grain Weevils and the Bean beetle reduces the quality of the stored produced by disfiguring and eating up the internal part of the seed, it means the Farmer will not be able to make good sales from his produce.
 therefore we can say that the attack of these pest of crops on stored produce reduces farmers income

5. It reduces the quality of stored beans and rice

6. It also reduces the viability of infested grains, that is when pest like Bean beetle or grain weevil attack stored produce

Preventive measures that can be used to curb the excesses of the attack of pest of crops like bean beetle and grain weevils

The following are the methods that a farmer can apply to reduce the attack and damages caused by Grain weevils and bean beetle
1. Farmers should practice early harvesting

2. At anytime crops are harvested and brought to the store, proper storage method should be applied

2. Cleaning and fumigation of store with phostoxin tablet is also needful

3. After harvesting grains, it should be stored over the fire or hot places. sometimes locally it can be stored using rafts

4. Proper drying of seeds to reduce moisture content and kill all the egg and lavae of pest is important before storage.

Most often reducing the attack of bean Beetles and grain weevils on stud produce is to be effective when better storage facilities are installed by the government

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