fabioclass

BREEDS GOAT AND PIG

BREEDS OF GOAT AND PIG

1.

GOAT:

GOAT IS ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR FARM ANIMALS in the world. The products from goat are cherished by Muslims and Christians alike. Goats do well even in places where it is unlikely for other farm animals to survive. They live on variety of feeds and eat almost anything that is not soiled. Goats are therefore found in all parts of Nigeria for example.





IMPORTANCE OF GOAT KEEPING


I. For the production of meat
II. For the production of milk
III. For the production of mohair
IV. For the production of hides

The adult male Goat is called Billy.


The adult female is called a Doe

The young of either sex is called kid, while a female that is above one year but below two years is called a Goat hing.



BREEDS OF GOATS


1. Dwarf Goat: this type of Goat is native to most southern parts of Nigeria. It is short in stature and muscularly built. They vary from black, reddish, brown or multiple colours. It is a good source of meat.
2. SOKOTO RED OF MARADI: this type of Goat very common in Sokoto State of Nigeria hence the name Sokoto Maradi.
3. Sahel or Desert Goat: this type of Goat is found in the extreme North of Nigeria. The Goat has long legs, medium or large body size. The desert Goat is a good meat and skin producer.
4. KANO BROWN: it is a medium size Goat and is common in Kano area of Nigeria. The Goat has straight ears and brown hairs.
5. BORNO RED: this type of Goat is majo Jjjrly found in Borno state in Nigeria. It has long tin legs, pointed horns and large ears.
6. SAAREN: this is a European breed of Goat. It has no horn, and is majorly white and pale cream colour and with black spot on the ear.
7. ANGLO-NUBIAN: this type of Goat originated from India and Egypt. It has no horn. The animal is very good in the production of meat and milk.
8. ANGORA: this type of Goat originated from central Asia, and is kept majorly for the production of Mohair.
9. TOGGEN-BURG: this is a Swiss breed of Goat and has chocolate colour with white or cream stripes.


PIG:


pig is one of the domesticated animals found in Nigeria and most other West African sub region. Pigs are reared for the production of meat called pork and fats called lard. The pig produces large liters twice a year. One litter or birth gives between six and sixteen piglets. Pig virtually eats anything edible when given. The rearing of pigs in Nigeria and the consumption is not very popular for religious reasons mostly in the northern part of Nigeria. The pig is a major carrier of tapeworm that infects humans.

The adult male pig is called Boar.

The adult female is called Sow

.





The young of either sex is called Piglet


BREEDS OF PIGS


The breeds of pigs reared in Nigeria include those that are native to Nigeria and those that are brought from Europe and America. And they are as follows:


1. WEST AFRICAN DWARF PIG: this breed of pig is kept by the local farmers in villages and towns in most southern part of Nigeria. It is small in size and usually black or brown in colour. It live in dirty environment and eats anything that comes its way. This breed of pig is native to West Africa.

2. LARGE WHITE: This is a popular meat producing pig in Nigeria. It is white in colour and has average size. It is resistant to tryponosomiasis disease hence found in Southern Nigeria. The pig is native to America.

3. LANDRACE: this pig is larger than all other breeds. It has white skin and ears. The pig has large ears pointing forward. It originated from Norway.

4. DUROC: this type has large body. Golden yellow or cherry red in colour. It has droopy ears. It has its origin from U.S.A.

5. LARGE BLACK: the animal is black in colour with droopy ears. Very good meat producer and originated from America.

6. CHESTER WHITE: this pig has white colour. The ears are droopy and are larger than Duroc. Originated from Pennsylvania U.S.A.

7. TAMWORTH: the animal has red colour, long head, small legs and slim body. It is native of IRELAND.

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1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
1134.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER


69. WIND
70. HYDROLYSIS
71. HYDRATION
72. CARBONATION
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES

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