fabioclass

FARM RECORDS


UNITS 8 FARM RECORDS Objectives: Students should be able to: 1. State the uses of farm records. 2.




Explain the keeping of the various types of farm records. Farm records are simply the records'of all the activities that take ] place on the farm within a period, say a farming season or year. 8.1 Uses of farm records

1. Farm records provide the history of what has happened on the farm which can be referred to from time to time.

2. The keeping of farm records enables the farmer to determine the strengths and weaknesses in. his farming methods.

3. Good record keeping will enable the farmer to know whether he is progressing or not, whether he is gaining or losing in that farming business.
4. Farm records are very important for the purpose of taxation.
5. Far-m records are necessary for farm budgeting or making of future plans.
6. They are useful in obtaining loans from the bank.
7. Farm records help to provide the information needed when farm is to be sold or handed over to another manager.

8.2 Types of farm records 1. Farm diary A farm diary is a record of the daily activities carried out on till farm. It is concerned mainly with the labour activities on the farm, A typical farm diary will show date, type of work done, try number of workers, time spent and others. An example is shown below: Date Work done No. of workers Wage rate Total wage cost Time spent Man hours Observation/Remarks 11/3/91 Clearing of farm land 6 N30.00 N180.00 5hours 30 The work was not completed 12/3/91 Clearing of farm land 4 N30.00 N120.00 6hours 24 Work was completed 23/3/92 Felling 6 N40.00 N240.00 6hours 36 Motor saws were used and the job was completed





1. Farm inventory A farm inventory is a detailed list of all the assets or materials on the farm including their money worth. An inventory is usually taken Farm inventory end of one farming season and at the beginning of another. Farm inventory is useful for the determination of the net worth of a mi as well as providing a valuable list of items on the farm in case of any mishap such as fire outbreak or robbery. 2. Production records These are records kept for different areas of production on the farm records. They include: (a) Crop record: This contains details of crops grown, dates of planting, and harvesting, the quantity of seed used, and yields, sample: Crop record book CROP DATE PLANTED QUANTITY DATE HARVESTED YIELD/HARVESTED REMARKS Yam 4/490 1tonne 11/9/90 7tonnes All the yams were topped Maize 11/4/90 5kg 22/8/90 10 bags of grains Harvested dry (b) Iivestock record:- This is the record that is kept for the breceding, production and other management practices in farm animals. (i) Breeding record: Type of animal Served by Date served Date of delivery No. of young delivered Remarks Cow No. 4 Bull No. 1 6/2/90 13/1190 2 Normal Sow No. 2 Boar No. 1 (Land Race 13/2/90 28/5/90 10 Two piglets were lost at delivery period (ii) Eggs Production Records DATE NO. OF BIRDS NO. OF EGGS REMARKS 1/11/90 470 340 13/1190 2/11/90 470 130 28/5/90 3/11/90 470 337 2 eggs were broken 30/11/90 total 4. Inputs records These are record of inputs used on the farm. Inputs which are used for production. Examples are planting material fertilizers and other chemicals, etc. Inputs records should show die item, date used; quantity and so on. For example Inputs Date used Quantity Purpose Remarks Cassava stems 11/4/91 17bundles For planting Obtained from A.D.P Fertilizers (NPK 15:15:15) 17/5/91 5bags Applied on cassava Applied round each stand 5. Farm Accounts (finance or cash records) These concern all transactions relating to money on the farm. Such records of income and expenditure, and profit and loss account. They enable the farmer to know how much he spend and how much he received within the fanning, year, and to Determine his farm profit or loss. Example of Sales Income Record for ther year ending December, 1991 is as follows: Date Item sold Quantity Unit Price Total Price Remarks 22/7/90 Maize (Fresh) 1000 cobs 20k N20.00 29/11/90 Maize (Dry grains) 3bags N150.00 N450.00 14/12/91 Cassava tubers 10 heaps N100.00 N100.00 18/12/91 Eggs 10crates N27.00 N270.00 25/12/91 Eggs 8 crates N27.00 N216.00 Total income N2,136.00 Example of Expenditure Record for the year ending December, 1991 is as followe DATE ITEM QUANTITY UNIT PRICE TOTAL PRICE REMARKS 23/2/90 Maize grains 10kg N5.00 N50.00 23/2/90 Transport to and from Benin to buy maize N25.00 14/6/90 Cassava stems 18bundles N5.00 N90.00 14/6/90 To transport cassava stems from Benin to Farm N50.00 21/6/90 Fertilizers 5bags N20.00 N100.00 21/6/90 To Transport Fertilizers N30.00 22/12/90 To pay rent 2 ½ hectares of land N100.00 N250




TOTAL N595.00 Example of Expenditure Record for the year ending December, 1991 is as follows Purchases and Expenses Amount N : K Sales and Receipts Amount N : K Maize seeds 50 : 00 Maize (Fresh) 200: 00 Cassava stems 90:00 Maize (Dry grains) 450.00 Fertilizers 90:00 Maize (dry grains) 450:00 Rent 250:00 Eggs 486:00 Transportation 105:00 5bags N20.00 Total 595:00 Total 2,136.00 STUDY QUESTIONS 1. State five uses of farm records. 2. Name five types of farm records and briefly explain how two of them are kept. 3. Give an example of: (i) Farm Diary (ii) Crop production record 4. Give two reasons for the keeping of farm inventory records. 5. What are production records? Give two examples of lion records.

here are some useful post for you

1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
1134.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH
54. ROCK FORMATION
55. IGNEOUS ROCK
56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY
63. PROCESS OF SOIL FORMATION
64. WEATHERING
65. PHYSICAL WEATHERING
66. CHEMICAL WEATHERING
67. PRESSURE
68. WATER


69. WIND
70. HYDROLYSIS
71. HYDRATION
72. CARBONATION
73. BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING
74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL
79. SOIL STRUCTURE
80. SANDY SOIL
81. CLAY SOIL
82. LOAMY SOIL

83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES

oppurtunities

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZATION

ADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE Farm mechanization has the following advantages 1. TIMELINESS OF OPERATION farm mechanization ensure...

popular post of all time