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SITING OF SCHOOL FARM AND CONSTRUCTION OF FARM ROAD 1


SITING OF SCHOOL FARM AND CONSTRUCTION OF FARM ROAD

Outline the factors to be considered in siting a school farm.
Enumerate the importance of school farm.
Plan the construction of farm road.
A farm is an area of land for growing crops and/or raising Him animals.
The school farm is a place where students of agriculture acquire practical skills and knowledge in crop or animal production.

Factors to Consider in Choosing a Site for a School Farm

1.

Nearness to the School

.
This will reduce time wasting in movement between the school and the farm by both students and teachers. It also reduces activities of thieves in the farm and makes it easy for the students to monitor their respective plots closely






2.

Good Access Roads

The, farm should be well linked with roads or paths to movement by students and teachers. It will also facilitate movement of farm inputs to the farm and the harvested pi (output) from the farm.

3.

Topography (Slope of Land)

The land should be flat or level to reduce erosion problem cost of farm operation. The slope of the land will determine

(i) The direction the beds or ridges should run; and
(ii) The type of erosion and control measure to adopt on the farm

4.

Nature of the soil

Good soil types, such as loam, sandy-loam or clay-loam are preferable for most crops and are easily drained. Fertile soil should be selected to reduce the cost of manuring and fertilizer application. Stony water-logged, and overused soils should be avoided
1. Source of Water The school farm should be located as close as possible, to source of water supply. Water is needed for both compulsory and implementing irrigation on the farm, processing of some farm crop like melon, cleaning of body and tools after work and for drinking.
2. Aspect This refers to the appearance or look of the farm in relation to its situation. The site that is directly overshadowed by tall trees and buildings should be avoided. This is because the shade will prevent crops from receiving die full solar radiation for development and yield. Full exposure is important for the crops to receive sunlight for photosynthesis.

Importance of school farm

1. Source of income to school: Money is realized from the sale of farm products.
2. It is a place for learning: Students are taught practical skills and knowledge on crop and animal husbandry on the school farm
3. Centre of attraction to school visitors.
4. It serves as a demonstration centre where farmers in the locality can learn modern farming practices
5. It also provides a forum for students group work and interaction which may not be possible in the classroom
6. Student and teachers of agriculture derive satisfaction from putting classroom knowledge into practice, as well as reaping what they sow. It gives them a sense of achievement
7. School farm can serve as a source of food for students

factors to be considered before siting a farmstead

include
1. Climatic factors affecting the siting of farmstead:
Climatic factors that can affect the siting of school farm are rainfall, temperature, relative
humidity, and wind direction, etc. these factors must be favourable to the plants and/or animals to be raised. It is very important to consider these factors because they will help determine the type farm building to be erected

2. socio-economic factors affecting the siting of farmstead:
These factors can include but limited to the availability of labour,
social infrastructures, population of the region and nearness to
market.

3. Edaphic factors affecting the siting of farmstead:
These are soil related factors such as soil
fertility, structure, texture, consistency, porosity.
These factors determines the kind of crop that will grow in the land.
Moreover, farms should not be sited in places that are prone to
flooding, erosion, and other forms of land degradation except they are
been used as control measures. You can also learn more about importance of soil and soil types here

4. Government policies affecting the siting farmstead:
Some governments have various rules guiding
agricultural practices. These policies should be considered before
siting a farm. There are also importance of government to agriculture, quarantine service, land use act of Nigeria, government policies and land tenure system of agriculture here.

5. Economic factors affecting the siting of farmstead:
These factors are of topmost importance if the
agricultural business will survive. A feasibility study should be conducted
to make sure that there will be enough returns to sustain the farm. Factors like availability of credit, loans, grants and subsidies


Construction of Farm Roads

Before embarking on land preparation for planting, it is very important to first construct or mark out the roads on the farm. 1. 1. There should be a major path leading from the school to the farm.
2. The farm should be divided into portions or plots with each plot linked and surrounded by paths.
3. The paths should be linked to the main path. The whole farm should be surrounded by a path.
4. All roads or paths on the farm should be constructed along level land case movement.
5. Roads on the farm enable the movement in and out, and round the farm.
6. They help to prevent treading on seed-beds or crops.







A farm is an area of land for growing crops and/or raising Him animals. The school farm is a place where students of agriei acquire practical skills and knowledge in crop or animal production.


Factors to Consider in Choosing a Site for a Sc Farm
1. Nearness to the School
This will reduce time wasting in movement between the school and the farm by both students and teachers. It also reduces activities of thieves in the farm and makes it easy for the students to monitor their respective plots closely.

2. Good Access Roads
The, farm should be well linked with roads or paths to movement by students and teachers. It will also facilitate movement of farm inputs to the farm and the harvested pi (output) from the farm.
3. Topography (Slope of Land)
The land should be flat or level to reduce erosion problem cost of farm operation. The slope of the land will determine
(i) The direction the beds or ridges should run; and
(ii) The type of erosion control measure to adopt on the far
4. Nature of the soil
Good soil types, such as loam, sandy-loam or clay-loam are preferable for most crops and are easily drained. Fertile soil should be selected to reduce the cost of manuring and fertilizer application. Stony water-logged, and overused soils should be avoided

5. Source of Water
The school farm should be located as close as possible, toa source of water supply. Water is needed for both compulsory and ple-mental irrigation on the farm, processing of some farm iicc like melon, cleaning of body and tools after work and for drinking.
6. Aspect
This refers to the appearance or look of the farm in relation to its situation. The site that is directly overshadowed by tall trees and buildings should be avoided. This is because the shade will prevent crops from receiving die full solar radiation for development and yield. Full exposure is important for the crops to receive sunlight for photosynthesis.









Importance of school farm

1. Source of income to school: Money is realized from the sale of farm products.
2. It is a place for learning: Students are taught practical skills and knowledge on crop and animal husbandry on the school farm
3. Centre of attraction to school visitors.
4. It serves as a demonstration centre where farmers in the locality can learn modern farming practices
5. It also provides a forum for students group work and interaction which may not be possible in the classroom
6. Student and teachers of agriculture derive satisfaction from putting classroom knowledge into practice, as well as reaping what they sow. It gives them a sense of achievement
7. School farm can serve as a source of food for students

6.3 Construction of Farm Roads
Before embarking on land preparation for planting it is very important to first construct or mark out the roads on the farm.
There should be a major path leading from the school to the farm. The farm should be divided into portions or plots with each plot linked and surrounded by paths. The paths should be linked to the main path. The whole farm should be surrounded by a path. All roads or paths on the farm should be construct along level land case movement.

Roads on the farm enable the movement in and out, and round the farm. They help to prevent treading on seed-beds or crops.

STUDY QUESTIONS 1. State and discus the factors to consider before siting a school farm.

here are some useful post for you

1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
1134.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
53. SOIL PH


2. List six benefits that could be derived from the school farm. 3. Give reasons why it is necessary to construct roads on the school farm. 4. What are the importance of a school farm?